JOHN FOWLKE AND HARRIET RAYNOR
John Fowlke was born 26 December
1803, in Nottingham,
Nottinghamshire, England. He was the son of John Fowlke and
Hannah Mee. A history of John Fowlke states: "John Fowlke was
the son of John Fowlke and Hannah Mee, the eighth child in a
family of twelve children. He was a wood turner by trade while
residing in England. He married Harriet Raynor June 14, 1823
in Nottingham, England." (Life History of John Fowlke, II;
John married Harriet Raynor in 1823 in Nottingham. Harriet Raynor was born in Nottingham on 10 September 1803, the daughter of Catherine Frost Raynor. Eleven children were born to John and Harriet in Nottingham: Catherine Elizabeth, John, Harriet, Drucilla, Eliza, Emma, William, Louisa, Frederick, Sarah, and Clara. Harriet and Emma died before becoming adults.
The Fowlkes are found in the 1841 census in Snenton, Nottinghamshire (Sneinton is a southeastern suburb of Nottingham):
John Fowkes, age 35, occupation - turner
Harriott, age 35
Elizabeth, age 15, lace mender
John, age 15, ap turner
Harrott, age 13, lace mender
Drucilla, age 11, lace mender
Eliza, age 9
William, age 3
Louisa, age 1
They are found in
the 1851 census in Nottingham:
1851 English census, Nottingham
The Fowlke family are found at 34 Island Street in St. Mary's parish, Nottingham in the 1851 census. The census shows:
John Fowlke, head, married, 50, Engeneer, born in Nottingham
Harriett Fowlke, wife, married, 49, born in Nottingham
Elizabeth Fowlke, daughter, 26, Lace mender, born in Nottingham
Drucilla Fowlke, daughter, 20, Lace mender, born in Nottingham
William Fowlke, son, 15, Coach builder, born in Nottingham
Loisa Fowlke, daughter 11, Lace mender, born in Nottingham
Fredrick Fowlke, son, 8, scholar, born in Nottingham
Sarah Fowlke, daughter, 6, scholar, born in Nottingham
Clara Fowlke, daughter, 3, scholar, born in Nottingham
A history of Clara Fowlke shares these details of their
conversion: "One of the girls when going home from work passed
by the place the Mormon missionaries held their meetings. She
was attracted by the Elders' singing. It so impressed her that
each evening she tried to be present when the Mormon meeting was
conducted so that she might learn and listen to their singing
and teachings. Someone who knew her folks told them of seeing
her there and warning them of the Elders. Her parents then tried
to stop her from going to these meetings but she was so enthused
she attended anyway. Deciding that if she insisted on going, she
must not go alone, they sent a sister along with her. When they
returned, this sister, too, was as much impressed as the first.
Other sisters went and finally the mother was persuaded to
accompany them to the meetings. She, too, could feel the
truthfulness of the things spoken by the elders. Her husband,
however, could not be persuaded to attend with them, but one day
they invited the elders to their home. There he met the elders
and he, too, was converted to the truthfulness of this
everlasting gospel." (James and Clara Fowlke
Cullimore -- Brief History, on familysearch.org) Later
in her life Clara said, "I am very thankful that some kind
elder took the gospel to my parents, which was the means of my
coming to this goodly land, the land which the Lord wished the
saints to gather to, and that I have raised my family here, and
for this I am very thankful." (James and Clara Fowlke
Cullimore -- Brief History, on familysearch.org)
A history of John Fowlke describes how the family was converted to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints: "The gospel of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints was brought to the attention of John and Harriet by their daughter Louisa. Several members of the family joined the church. Louisa joined the church on Dec 7, 1854. John and three other children were baptized on February 24, 1855." (Life History of John Fowlke, II; www.fowlkefamily.org) This caused some division in the family: "Three other children, Catherine Elizabeth, John, and William remained in England. John and William were engineers. They refused to have anything to do with the family after they joined the church. They were both strong and powerful men. One of them whipped the wrestling champ in a fight in a public house." (Life History of John Fowlke, II; www.fowlkefamily.org)
The Latter-Day Saint missionaries contacted the family. John and
Harriet, and five of their children embraced the gospel. Louisa
was the first to be baptized in 1854. She was only fourteen years
old at the time. Her father John was baptized in 1855. It is not
known when Harriet was baptized. Of the other children, Eliza and
her husband, Elias Aston, were baptized in 1856; Frederick, Sarah,
and Clara were also baptized. Like thousands of other British
converts, the family was "waiting for the missionaries to find
them, and when they heard the message, they believed, were
baptized, told their friends, adored and cared for those who had
brought the message. and prepared to leave the Babylon of the
world for the kingdom of God being built in America...Beside
being willing to accept the missionaries' testimonies about the
restoration of the original Church of Christ spoken of in the
Bible, these British Saints also obeyed the counsel to gather to
Zion. Before the end of the century, some fifty-five thousand
had crossed the ocean and the continental U.S. to make their
homes in the West. Not all were enthusiastic to come, but most,
perhaps the most converted, scrimped and saved until they had
enough to pay passage for a family." ("Truth Prevailing";
Douglas F. Tobler; Ensign, July 1987)
To aid the
immigrants in their desire to join the Saints in Zion, the
Church in 1849 created the Perpetual Emigration Fund. The fund
helped the costs of the trip, but the family was expected to
reimburse the fund after settling in Utah. John and Harriet, and
the younger children immigrated to America on the ship Underwriter.
The European Emigration Card Index shows:
Foulkes, John (57) Turner
Harriet (57) Wife
Frederick (18) Joiner
Sarah Ann (15)Spinster
(2) *Louise's son
The ship sailed from Liverpool on April 23, 1861. On board ship
"the agent appointed a president and two counselors (usually
missionaries returning to America) to preside over the
company. After receiving the sustaining vote of the group, the
presidency divided the company into wards or branches, usually
along the lines of the travelers's home districts. Each ward
or branch was then provided with presiding officers and
assigned a separate portion of the ship...Once underway, the
emigrants were expected to rise at an early hour, clean their
quarters, assemble for prayer, and then eat breakfast.
Contemporary observers were impressed by the prevailing order,
cleanliness, and decency aboard Mormon ships". Charles
Dickens described the Mormon emigrants in a chapter of The
"They had not
been a couple of hours on board when they established their
own police, made their own regulations, and set their own
watches at all the hatchways. Before nine o'clock the ship was
as orderly and quiet as a man-of-war...there was no disorder,
hurry, or difficulty...I afterwards learned that a Despatch
was sent home by the captain, before he struck out into the
wide Atlantic, highly extolling the behavior of these
Emigrants and the perfect order and propriety of all their
arrived on the American frontier with only a short time to
prepare for the trek to Utah...To economize, emigrants were
expected to purchase cotton fabric for the wagon covers in
England and stitch it during the voyage." (The Mormon
Experience; Leonard J. Arrington). The Fowlkes's ship took
six weeks to cross the ocean. Another passenger on the Underwriter,
Charles W. Penrose awoke one morning to find that a mother rat
had given birth in his shoe during the night. (Life on Board
a Mormon Emigrant Ship; David H. Pratt and Paul F. Smart).
Sometimes the ship made no progress because of the lack of wind
to fill the sails.. They rejoiced when they arrived in New York
on May 22.
Millennial Star: “The clipper ship Underwriter cleared on
the 22nd instant, and sailed on the
evening of the 23rd, from this port
for New York, having 624 Saints on board, under the presidency
of Elder Milo Andrus, assisted by Elders Homer Duncan and C.W.
Penrose as counselors. Presidents Lyman, Rich, and Cannon
visited the ship on Sunday, the 21st,
as she lay in the river, and held a meeting, giving the Saints
their parting blessing and many choice instructions relative
to their journey. The unanimity and good feeling which
pervaded the deliverance having arrived, tended to make a fine
and intelligent looking company double interesting; and we
have no doubt that, under the wise direction of President
Andrus their ocean trip will prove both agreeable and
instructive. May God bless them in their journeyings onwards
to the home of the Saints in the valley of the mountains!”
(Millennial Star, May 4, 1861)
remembered: "“Crossing the sea was the worst part of the trip. I
was so very sick all the way. We could not eat the rations,
thick fat bacon and sea biscuits (hard tack as it is now
called). I never tasted bread for a month. I did wish I could
have a little piece of bread." (James and Clara Fowlke
Cullimore -- Brief History, on familysearch.org)
“The clipper ship
Underwriter sailed from Liverpool, with 624 Saints, under the
presidency of Milo Andrus, Homer Duncan and Charles William
Penrose. The company arrived at New York May 22nd,
and at Florence (Nebraska) June 2nd.” (Millennial
Star, Apr 23, 1861)
The family then
proceeded to the outfitting station at Council Bluffs, Iowa. At
the outfitting station the immigrants were provided with "one
wagon, two yoke of oxen, two cows, and a tent." (The
Mormon Experience; Arrington). The Journal History of the
Church shows "John Foulke and family" joined Capt. Ira
Eldredge's ox train to travel over the plains to Salt Lake City.
(Journal History, Sept. 15, 1861). The Fowlkes family was
unaccustomed to the hardships and way of life that lay before
them. They were city people and used to city life. They cared
for and drove an ox team across the plains. The family walked
alongside the wagon most of the 1500 miles. When at Florence,
Nebraska, the Saints suffered much from the severe rain and
thunder storms. They arrived at Salt Lake City on 15 September
It was with relief
and joy that the family found that "whether they arrived by
wagon, handcart, or railroad, the immigrants were greeted
warmly in Utah...The already established Saints were under
instructions to take the new arrivals into their homes, care
for them, and provide employment until they could begin to
farm or practice their own occupations. The sense of gathering
was confirmed by the food and festivities that welcomed
immigrants in Emigration Square. Soon afterward they dispersed
to the colonies scattered throughout the Great Basin. The
dispersal began with a "placement meeting" attended by all
local bishops. Each was asked how many families could be
absorbed into his ward for the winter and what special skill
were desirable." (The Mormon Experience; Arrington).
Their arrival is
recounted in a history of Clara Fowlke: "The company arrived
in Salt Lake City on September 15, 1861. The Fowlke family
stayed there at the camping grounds overnight and next morning
pushed on to Pleasant Grove, to the part now called Lindon.
William Marriot, who was their teamster, took them to Holman's
when they arrived in Pleasant Grove. Sister Nancy Holman
cooked supper for them, chicken and biscuits, the first good
meal they had had in five months" (James and
Clara Fowlke Cullimore -- Brief History, on familysearch.org)
skills as a machinist and engineer were needed in Zion. Leonard
Arrington in The Mormon Experience tells us, "Suffused
with a desire to promote economic independence, the church
became involved in nearly every important industrial
development during the first two decades of settlement...Most
American-born Mormons were lifelong farmers possessing few
industrial skills. Foreign converts, on the other hand, tended
to be craftsmen and mechanics, reflecting in the variety of
their skills the higher stage of industrialization Europe had
achieved. Quick to recognize the importance of this expertise
to his dream of building an independent commonwealth, Brigham
Young instructed church agents and missionaries in Great
Britain to seek out skilled workers, especially iron
manufacturers, metal workers, textile manufacturers, and
potters. Such persons were to be encourage to "emigrate
immediately...in preference to anyone else." Each of
the major industrial enterprises attempted by the church
during the first decade drew upon European converts for
The family settled
in Pleasant Grove in 1861. It was a peaceful farming community
in the Utah Valley, founded in 1850, with groves of cottonwood
trees, and sparkling streams of fresh water. "That fall they
made for themselves a dugout to live in. For a broom they had a
bunch of little willows tied together. At night the fire had to
be banked so there would be red coals to start the fire in the
morning as there were no matches. If the coals were out in the
morning, it was necessary for one of them to walk about a mile
to get some red coals to start the fire again." (James
and Clara Fowlke Cullimore -- Brief History, on
familysearch.org) It appears that John married a plural
wife, Elizabeth Carlin in the Endowment House in Salt Lake City
on 8 July 1865.
In the 1870 census
of Pleasant Grove, John and Harriet are found living next to
their son Frederick and his family, along with Elizabeth Fowlke,
1870 census, Pleasant Grove, Utah County, Utah
In the 1880 census
of Pleasant Grove, John and Harriet Fowlke are shown living in
Pleasant Grove next to their son, Frederick and his family, and
their daughter Clara, now married to James Cullimore. Elizabeth
is shown as a boarder and is using her maiden name.
1880 census, Pleasant Grove
James and Clara’s
daughter, Elizabeth, remembers that when just a small girl she
loved to go to her grandmother’s house and wash off all the
chairs with a rag. Daughter Eliza and her husband Elias Aston were near
neighbors. John worked as a machinist and engineer, and a
farmer. John and Harriet, like other British Saints, "most of
whom gained no fame except that chiseled into the lives of a
grateful and expanding posterity, became part of the bedrock of
the growing kingdom." (The Mormon Experience; Arrington).
John was active in the priesthood, and was ordained a High
Priest. His photograph in Pioneers and Prominent Men of Utah
shows a man of determination and courage. The description which
accompanies the photo states:
(son of John Fowlke and Anna May, both of Nottingham, Eng.).
Born Dec. 26, 1803. Came to Utah Sept. 17, 1861, Horace S.
Married Harriet Raynor about 1823 at
Nottingham, Eng. (daughter of Mr. Raynor and Catherine Frost,
of Nottingham, pioneers Sept. 17, 1861, Horace S. Eldredge
company). Their children: Catherine Elizabeth b. Sept. 24,
1824, m. Thomas Windle; John b. April 20, 1826, m. Susannah
Bonner; Harriet b. Sept. 20, 1828, died; Drucilla b. Dec. 22,
1830, m. William Aston; Eliza b. April 20, 1832, m. Elias
Aston; Emma b. Aug. 4, 1836, died; William b. Nov. 11, 1837;
Lueza b. May 26, 1840, m. William Marrott; Frederick b. July
21, 1842, m. Elizabeth Cook; Sarah Ann b. Feb. 15, 1845, m.
John Truscott; Clara b. Dec. 28, 1847, m. James Cullimore.
Family home Lindon, Utah.
Machinist and engineer; farmer. Died at Lindon." (Pioneers
and Prominent Men of Utah; Frank Esshom).
He died 9 March 1886, at his home in Lindon, and was buried in the Pleasant Grove Cemetery. Harriet lived two more years, and died in Mt. Pleasant on 13 September 1888. A biography of her son Frederick said, "She was at the home of her daughter Mrs. John Truscott at the time of her death." (Life History of Frederick Fowlke) Harriet was buried in the Pleasant Grove Cemetery with her husband.
ANCESTRY OF JOHN FOWLKE
From "Genealogy of William Marrott and Louisa Fowlke, LDS
By Kenneth C. Bullock
JOHN FOWLKE, son
of John Fowlke and Hannah Mee (May), was b. 26 Dec. 1803,
Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. 1823, HARRIET RAYNOR, at
St. Mary's, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; d. 9 Mar. 1886,
Pleasant Grove, Utah, Utah; bur. Pleasant Grove, Utah, Utah.
Harriet was b. 10 Sept. 1803, Nottingham, Nottingham, England;
chr. 25 Sept. 1803, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; dau. of
Samuel Raynor and Catherine Frost; d. 13 Sept. 1888, Mt.
Pleasant, Sanpete, Utah; bur. Pleasant Grove, Utah, Utah. John
and Harriet had the following children:
1. Catherine Elizabeth Fowlke, b. 24 Sept. 1824, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. Thomas Windell; d. 1912.
2. John Fowlke, Jr., b. 20
Apr. 1826, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. Susannah Bonner;
d. Apr. 1901.
3. Harriet Fowlke, b. 20 Sept. 1828, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; d. 25 Mar. 1842; unmd.
4. Drucilla Fowlke, b. 22 Dec. 1830, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. 22 June 1856, William Aston; d. 28 Jan. 1877.
5. Eliza Fowlke, b. 20 Apr. 1832, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. 5 Jan 1851, Elias Aston; d. 31 Jan. 1917.
6. Emma Fowlke, b. 4 Aug. 1836, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; d. 10 Aug. 1839; unmd.
7. William Fowlke, b. 11 Nov.
1837, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. 25 Mar. 1860, Rachel
8. Louisa Fowlke, b. 26 May 1840, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. (1) 9 Feb. 1862, William Marrott; md. (2) 8 Feb 1901, Lorenzo Waldram; d. 29 Jan. 1913.
9. Frederick Fowlke, b. 21 July 1842, Nottingham, Nottingham, England, md. 17 Nov. 1866 Elizabeth Cook; d. 8 Apr. 1905.
10. Sarah Ann Fowlke, b. 14 Feb. 1844, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. 22 Feb. 1862, John Truscott; d. 20 Aug. 1919.
11. Clara Fowlke, b. 28 Dec.
1847, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. 10 Feb. 1864, James
Cullimore; d. 13 Nov. 1927.
JOHN FOWLKE, son of William Fowlke and Lydia Cowley, was b. abt. 1767, Darley Abbey, St. Alkmunds, Derby, England; md. 5 Mar. 1792, Hannah Mee (May), at St. Alkmunds, Derby, England; d. 7 Sept. 1846, Nottingham, Nottingham, England, Hannah was b. abt 1770, Darley Abbey, St. Alkmunds, Derby, England; dau. of Jacob Mee and Catherine Abbot; d. 25 Jan. 1849, Nottingham, Nottingham, England. John and Hannah had the following children:
1. Mary Fowlke, b. 2 Oct. 1792, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. John Fry; d. 25 Jan. 1854.
2. Hannah Fowlke, b. 3 Dec. 1793, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. 21 Dec. 1817, Griffin Cant.
3.Catherine Fowlke, b. 26 Apr. 1796, Nottingham, Nottingham, England.
4. William Fowlke, B. 26 Oct. 1797, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. 17 July 1825, Catherine Wilkins.
5. Elizabeth Fowlke, b. 1 Sept. 1799, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. 4 Feb. 1822, George Ellis.
6. Alice Fowlke, b. 3 Feb. 1801, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. 14 Feb. 1819, John Hinton.
7. Sarah Fowlke, b. 14 Aug. 1802, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; d. in infancy.
8. (X) John Fowlke, b. 26 Dec. 1803, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. 1823, Harriet Raynor; d. 9 Mar. 1886.
9. Sarah Fowlke, b. 17 May 1805, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. Mr. Bywater.
10. James Fowlke, b. 1 Nov. 1807, Nottingham, Nottingham, England.
11. Rebecca Fowlke, b. 18 July 1809, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. 18 Aug. 1839, Griffin Cant.
12.Samuel Fowlke, b. 24 May
1811, Nottingham, Nottingham, England.
was b. abt. 1726, of Quarn, Derby, England, md. 1751, LYDIA
COWLEY, at Duffield, Derby, England. She was b. abt. 1730, of
Quarn, Derby, England. William and Lydia had the following
1.(X) John Fowlke, b. abt 1767, Darley Abbey, St. Alkmunds, Derby, England; md. 5 Mar. 1792, Hannah Mee (May), d. 7 Sept. 1846.
2. Martha Fowlke, b. 26 Aug. 1769, St. Alkmunds, Derby, England.
3. Lydia Fowlke, b. 11 Sept.
1772, Quardon, Derby, England.
JACOB MEE, was b.
abt. 1731, of St. Alkmunds, Derby, England; md. 1756, CATHERINE
ABBOT, at St. Alkmunds, Derby, England. Jacob and Catherine had
the following children:
1. Phoebe Mee, chr. 22 May 1758, St. Alkmunds, Derby, England.
2. John Mee, chr. 20 May 1763, St. Alkmunds, Derby, England.
3. (X) Hannah Mee (May), b. abt. 1770, St. Alkmunds, Derby, England; md. 5 Mar. 1792, John Fowlke; d. 25 Jan. 1849.
4.Jacob Mee, chr. 19 July 1772, St. Alkmunds, Derby, England.
5. Josiah Mee, chr. 5 Feb.
1775, St. Alkmunds, Derby, England.
SAMUEL RAYNOR, b.
abt. 1772, of Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. (1) Sarah;
md. (2) 30 Oct. 1797, CATHERINE FROST, at Nottingham,
Nottingham, England; d. abt. 1800. Catherine was chr. 2 Aug
1778, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; dau. of Thomas Frost and
Sarah. Samuel and Catherine had one child, Elizabeth, then he
died. Catherine had four children after his death. These
children are as follows:
1. Elizabeth Raynor, chr. 1 Apr. 1798, Nottingham, Nottingham. England.
2. Samuel Raynor, chr. 11 Apr. 1802, Nottingham, Nottingham, England.
3. (X) Harriet Raynor, b. 10 Sept. 1803, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; chr. 25 Sept. 1803, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. 1823, John Fowlke; d. 13 Sept. 1888.
4. William Raynor, b. 1804, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; bur. 14 Dec. 1804; unmd.
5. William Raynor, chr. 16
Feb. 1806, Nottingham, Nottingham, England.
THOMAS FROST, b.
abt 1752, of Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. Sarah. She was
b. abt 1756, of Nottingham, Nottingham, England. Thomas and
Sarah had the following children:
1. (X) Catherine Frost, chr. 2 Aug. 1778, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. 30 Oct. 1797, Samuel Raynor.
2. Joseph Frost, chr. 20 Aug. 1782, Nottingham, Nottingham, England.
3. Hannah Frost, b. abt. 1784,
Nottingham, Nottingham, England; bur. 9 Feb 1786.
FAMILY GROUP RECORD OF
AND HARRIET RAYNOR
JOHN FOWLKE, son of John Fowlke and Hannah Mee, was b. 26 Dec. 1803, Nottingham, Nottingham, England He married 1) Harriet Raynor 14 July 1823 at Radford, Nottingham, England, and 2) Elizabeth Carlin 8 July 1865 in Salt Lake City, Utah. John died 9 Mar. 1886 in Pleasant Grove, Utah, Utah. Harriet was born 10 Sept. 1803, Nottingham, Nottingham, England, and christened 25 Sept. 1803, in Nottingham, Nottingham, England. She was the daughter of Catherine Frost. Her father is listed in family records, however she was born after the death of Samuel Raynor, and was listed as illegitimate on the parish records. Harriet died 13 Sept. 1888, in Mt. Pleasant, Sanpete, Utah. John and Harriet had the following children:
1. Catherine Elizabeth, born
24 September 1824, in Nottingham; christened 4 October 1824 in
St. Mary's, Nottingham, of "Pomfret St".married Thomas
Windell; died in 1912.
born 20 September 1828 in Nottingham; died 25 March 1842.
born 22 December 1830 in Nottingham; christened 9 January 1830
in St. John the Evangelist Roman Catholic Church, Nottingham;
married William Aston 22 June 1856; died 28 January 1877.
born 20 April 1832 in Nottingham; married Elias Aston 5 January
1851 in Nottingham; died 31 January 1917 in Lindon, Utah.
born 4 August 1836 in Nottingham; died 10 August 1839.
born 26 May 1840 in Nottingham; married William Marrott 9
February 1862, then Lorenzo Waldram 8 February 1901; died 29
born 21 July 1842 in Nottingham; married Elizabeth Cook 17
November 1866; died 8 April 1905.
10. Sarah Ann,
born 14 February 1844 in Nottingham; married John Truscott 22
February 1862; died 20 August 1919.
11. Clara, born 28 December 1847 in Nottingham; married James Cullimore 10 February 1864; died 13 November 1927.
“Genealogy of William Marrott and Louisa Fowlke”, Kenneth
Bullock, 929.273 M349b; 1841 English census, St. Mary,
Nottingham; 1851English census; 1861 English census; 1871
English census; will index on ancestry.co.uk; 1870 census,
Pleasant Grove, Utah; 1880 census, Pleasant Grove, Utah; Life
History of John Fowlke, II, on www.fowlkefamily.org; James
and Clara Fowlke Cullimore -- Brief History, on
familysearch.org, taken from Autobiography of James Alfred
Cullimore, 1982; Life History of Frederick Fowlke on