Barent Jacobsen Kool and Marritje Leendertse De Grauw

    Barent Jacobsen married Marritje Leenderts De Grauw. Barent was a laborer "in the Weigh-house" and a porter "in the Public Store". He was appointed a Wine and Beer Carrier in New Amsterdam in the Colony of New Netherland on 4 May, 1654. Barent was granted the small burgher right on 14 April 1657. In 1665, he was listed as living on Bridge Street in New Amsterdam.

Barent and Marritje had:

1. Jacob Barentsen Cool, married Marritje Simons.[1]
2. Aeltje Barents Cool, baptized 23 Sep 1640 in New Amsterdam, New Netherland, married Paulus Turck 12 Sep 1660 in New Amsterdam, New Netherland.
3. Dievertje Cool, baptized 1 Feb 1643 in New Amsterdam, New Netherland.
4. Apollonia Barents, baptized 29 Jan 1645 in New Amsterdam, New Netherland, married Willem Isaacszen Vredenburg 19 Oct 1664 in New Amsterdam, New Netherland.
5. Leendert Cool, baptized 1 Dec 1647 in New Amsterdam, New Netherland, married Marritje Cornelis.[2]
6. Arent Cool, baptized 9 Oct 1650 in New Amsterdam, New Netherland, may have died before 1655.
7. Theunis Barentszen Cool, born in New Amsterdam, New Netherland, baptized 17 Aug 1653 in New Amsterdam, New Netherland, married 1) Marritje Gerrits Van Loockere 26 Dec 1675 in New Amsterdam, New Netherland and 2) Willemje Langen 22 Nov 1696 in Kingston, Ulster, New York.
8. Arent Cool, baptized 10 Oct 1655 in New Amsterdam, New Netherland.
9. Pieter Barentszen Cool, baptized 29 Aug 1657 in New Amsterdam, New Netherland, married 1) Hendrickje Jans 17 Oct 1680 in New Amsterdam, New Netherland and 2) Yanneke Dingmans (first banns 5 Feb 1688 in Albany, Albany, New York).

Sources:
1. Court and Administrative Minutes of New Amsterdam, from Fernow, Berthold (ed.), Records of New Amsterdam from 1653 to 1674 Anno Domini, Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1976.
2. Brassard, Theodore (comp.), Baptisms at the Reformed Dutch Church of New Amsterdam (1639-1730), Nottingham, NH: http://www.altlaw.com/edball/dutchbap.htm, 2000.
3. Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in the City of New York: Church Members' List.
4. Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New Amsterdam/New York: Marriages.
5. Hoes, Roswell Randall (comp.), Baptismal and Marriage Registers of the Old Dutch Church of Kingston, Ulster County, New York, Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1997 (originally published by De Vinne Press (New York), 1891).
6. Records of the Reformed Dutch Church of Albany, New York, 1683-1809, excerpted from the Year Books of the Holland Society of New York.
 


Under the New Amsterdam Court Minutes for 1654, page 186:

    "The following persons are proposed by Burgomasters and Schepens to the Honble Director General to be appointed sworn Beer-Carriers: Barent Jacobsen Cool and Teunis Kray [3].
Done in Court this 13th of April, 1654.
Signed by order of Burgomasters and Schepens, etc."
 
 

Under the Court Minutes for 1654, pages 192-196:

"Whereas the Burgomasters and Schepens of this City of New Amsterdam, on a certain petition presented to the Director General and Council of New Netherland dated 23 February, 1654, to devise some means for the benefit of this City, were permitted to impose on and receive from all wines, strong waters and beer consumed by the Burghers within this City, in addition to, and on the same condition as, the Tapsters' Excise, the following Burgher Excise, vizt.

On each tun of good beer......................................................Twenty stivers
each half-cask........................................................................Ten stivers
On each anker or quarter-cask.............................................Five stivers
On each tun small beer..........................................................Six stivers
On each half-cask..................................................................Three stivers
On each anker........................................................................Two stivers
On each anker brandy, Spanish wine or distilled waters,....Thirty stivers
From French wines and those of like value..........................half as much

    Therefore the Burgomasters and Schepens of this City aforesaid do hereby ordain and enact:
    That from this time forth the Burghers as well as the Tapsters or Tavern-keepers, who are desirous of laying in or carrying away any wines or beer, shall be bound before so doing, to obtain from our Receiver thereunto appointed, a proper permit, and pay the excise promptly thereof, which Receiver shall be in attendance for that purpose in his house from 6 o'clock to 8 o'clock in the morning and from one to three in the afternoon, except on Wednesday and Saturday afternoon.
    And in order to prevent all fraud and smuggling in the one and the other, the Burgomasters and Schepens aforesaid with the approbation of the Honble Director General and Council have appointed and accepted as sworn Wine and Beer Carriers Barent Jacobsen Cool and Pieter Caspersen van Naerden and no person, be he who he may, except such Beer Carriers, shall be at liberty to work at, lay in, or remove any wines or beer from one warehouse, cellar, or brewery to another or to bring foreign beer within this City's gates on pain of forfeiting said wines or beer and arbitrary correction at the direction of the Court.
    And in order that this Ordinance and Law may be the better observed and obeyed by every one, the officer is commanded and ordered, to pay strict regard to all frauds and smuggling, and he is authorized, whenever he may deem it necessary to search in the presence of two of the Court the cellars of the Tapsters, and to gauge all the casks, and to seize all the wines and beer, that have not been entered-or have not paid excise, which according to the foregoing Article, in addition to the Arbitrary Correction, shall be subject to confiscation to be applied ? to the poor; ? to the officer and ?to the informer.
    Thus done and enacted at the Court of Burgomasters and Schepens of this City of New Amsterdam, and after publication, affixed this 4 May, 1654.
Arent van Hattem 1654, Martin Kregier, P. L. vandie Grift, Pieter Wolfersen, Oloff Stevensen, Wilh: Beeckman.
    Provisional Instruction prepared by Burgomasters and Schepens of the City New Amsterdam relative to the Office of Beer and Wine Carrier:
    First. The Wine and Beer Carriers shall be obliged to be in attendance from six o'clock in the morning to six o'clock in the evening in front of the Company's Warehouse, or each one at his own dwelling-house in order to be ready and at the service of every one, who would desire to lay in or remove any wine or beer.
    2ndly It shall not be lawful for the appointed Wine and Beer Carriers to labor at any wines or beer, or to carry them from one place to another before and until a proper permit from the Receiver thereunto appointed shall be delivered unto them; which permit they shall be obliged to return to the said Receiver every evening after sunset.
    3rdly The appointed Wine or Beer Carriers for what they may convey here within the walls of this City from one Brewery house or cellar into the other, shall not be permitted to receive more than the following.
For one pipe of brandy...............................................24 stivers
one pipe of wine.........................................................Twenty stivers
one hogshead of wine................................................Twelve stivers
one Aam (40 gallons) ...............................................Ten stivers
one half-aam..............................................................Five stivers
one anker..................................................................Three stivers
half anker..................................................................Two stivers
one tun of strong or small beer................................Eight stivers
one half-barrel..........................................................Four stivers
one anker..................................................................Three stivers
    And for what they shall carry from within to Mr. Allerton's and Thomas Hall's beyond the walls one fourth part (in addition) and thence to and about the Fresh Water, double what is aforesaid.
    But in any case any Brewer employ his own horse and dray and a man to convey Beer with one of the appointed Beer Carriers, the latter shall be entitled to the just half of the aforesaid fees, and if the Beer Carriers make use of the Brewer's horse and dray then one third of the fee shall belong to the Brewer.
    4. The appointed Wine and Beer Carriers shall be held to provide at their own cost their own tools for handling the wine and beer.
    5. In attending to the duties of their aforesaid office, they shall not be permitted to get drunk, so that in handling the wines or beer, no damage may happen through their carelessness, and in case such may occur, and it be found to have happened through their neglect, they shall be liable to repair and pay the damage in full.
    6. That the appointed Wine and Beer Carriers be not defrauded by others in their office aforesaid, they are hereby charged to keep sharp watch on the exportation and importation of wine and beer and if they find, that such is done by any other person, they may seize all such wines or beer, whereof they shall receive the third part.
    Finally, the appointed Wine and Beer Carriers promise and swear that in this, their aforesaid office, they will act faithfully and honestly; that they will practise or allow no fraud; and observe the foregoing regulations, as well as such as the Burgomasters and Schepens may thereafter add thereunto.
    And therefore Barent Jacobsen Cool and Pieter Caspersen van Naerden are provisionally chosen, appointed, and accepted for one year certain, who, thereupon, in the Court of Burgomasters and Schepens, at the hands of the Officer have solemnly taken the following oath.
    Done at the City Hall, New Amsterdam in New Netherland this 4 May, 1654.
Aernt van Hattem 1654, Martin Kregier, P. L. vandie Grift, Pieter Wolfersen, Oloff Stevensen, Wilh: Beeckman.
    We Barent Jacobsen Cool and Pieter Caspersen van Naerden, in quality as Beer Carriers and laborers in the Weigh-house and porters in the Public Store, promise and swear in the presence of Almighty God, to behave ourselves honestly and faithfully in the aforesaid office; also not to meddle with or assist in any smuggling, and in all things discharge the duties of our office, as honest Wine and Beer Carriers are bound to do according to the above order and the laws of Fatherland. So truly help us, God Almighty!"
 
 

Under the New Amsterdam Court Minutes for 1656, page 102:

    "At the request by petition of Barent Jansen Cool and Thomas Verdon, sworn beer carriers, relative to having, for themselves, the carrying of the wines from the Honble Company's Store--was endorsed--Inasmuch as the labor connected with carrying wine and beer to and from the W: Company's Store, does not concern the Burgomasters and Schepens, but the Director General and Council, the petitioners may address themselves to the same."
 
 

Under the New Amsterdam Administrative Minutes for 1657, pages 145-146:

    "To the Rt. Honble. Directr. General and Council of N: Netherland.
        Right Honble. Sir,
            Whereas by your Honrs. resolution of the 12th March last we find, that your Honrs. deem it necessary for the accomodation of the trader, skipper and Burgher, that nine sworn labourers be appointed to attend alternately in threes, as well at the Warehouse of the Honble. Company, the Scales and carriage of beer and wine, and to labour altogether, if necessary, and that we should with that view nominate a double number:--
            The Schout and Burgomasters of this City of Amsterdam in N: Netherland considering, therefore, the necessity thereof, have resolved, as there are not at present as many applicants as will allow a complete double number to be nominated and it cannot consequently be convieniently done, to allow, with the approbation of the Rt. Honble Director General And Council, the present labourers to continue, to wit--Adriaen Vincent, Thomas Frericksen, Josep Waldron, Joost Goderis, Andries Andriessen, and Barent Jacobs Cool, and as a supplement to the aforesaid Number to nominate these following, viz:  Cryn Jacobsen, Cornelis Hendricksen, Jan Cornelisen, Luycas Eldersen, Willem Koecke, and Philip Jansen, from which the Honble. Directr. General will please to select a single number. And whereas we have thought it necessary, that an overseer be placed over them we have nominated to your Honors two of the same as Overseers, to wit--Tomas Frericksen and Barent Jansen Cool, with request that your Honrs. may be pleased to elect one of them. Done this 15 March 1657. in the meeting of Schout and Burgomasters of the City Amsterdam in N: Netherland.
Signed    By Order of the Same,
Jacob Kip, Secretary."
 

Under the New Amsterdam Administrative Minutes for 1657, pages 151:

LIST of Those who have the Burgher Right pursuant to the Privilege and Explanation thereof granted by the Rt. Honble. Director General and Council to the Burghery of this City of Amsterdam in N. Netherland, and are accoringly inscribed by Burgomasters, and have taken the proper oath.

...The Small Burgher Right

...14th April....
Barent Jacobs Cool,..." [4]
 
 

Under the New Amsterdam Court Minutes for 1665, page 221,
On a list of burghers being assessed for what they have to pay weekly for six weeks for the quartering of soldiers:

"...Bridge Street...
Barent Jacobzen Cool....................--"

Source: Court and Administrative Minutes of New Amsterdam, from Fernow, Berthold (ed.), Records of New Amsterdam from 1653 to 1674 Anno Domini, Vol. I, Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1976.


Records of Baptisms of the Reformed Church at New Amsterdam.

Baptism Date Parents Child Witnesses
1640 Barent Jacobsz. Aeltje Jan Hermanszen,
23 Sept Leuntie Alberts
1643 Barent Jacobszen Dievertje Hendrick Sibout,
1 Feb  Gysbert Corneliszen,
Christina Vynen
1645 Barent Jacobszen Apollonia Thys Claeszen,
29 Jan Lyntie Jochems
1647 Barent Jacobszen Leendert Albert Leendertszen
1 Dec
1650 Barent Jacobszen Arent Jan Helmszen,
9 Oct Cornelis Leendertszen
1653 Barent Jacobszen Theunis Arent Leendertszen,
17 Aug Engeltje Jans
1655 Barent Jacobszen Cool Arent Jan Prie,
10 Oct Marritje Leenderts Aechtje Leenderts
1657 Barent Jacobszen Pieter Jan Coreliszen,
29 Aug Marritie Leenderts Adriaentie Trommels

Source: Brassard, Theodore (comp.), Baptisms at the Reformed Dutch Church of New Amsterdam (1639-1730), Nottingham, NH: http://www.altlaw.com/edball/dutchbap.htm, 2000.


Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New Amsterdam/New York
Marriages

1675
26 dicto. Theunis Barentszen Cooll, j. m. Van N. Yorke, en Marritje Gerrits Van Loockere, Wede. Van Jan Corneliszen, woonende tot N. Yorke. 12 dicto.
(1675, 26 ditto (Dec). Theunis Barentszen Cooll, previously unmarried man, of New York, and Marritje Gerrits Van Loockere, Widow of Jan Corneliszen, living at New York. 12 ditto.)

1680
17 Octob. Pieter Barentszen Cool, j. m., en Hendrickje Jans, j. d., beyde woonende alhier. 3 Nov.
(1680, 17 Oct. Pieter Barentszen Cool, previously unmarried man, and  Hendrickje Jans, previously unmarried woman, both living here. 3 Nov.)

1660
12 Sept. Paulus Turck, j. m. Nyt den Hage, en Aeltje Barents Coel, j. d., Van Amsterd. in N. Nederlt.
(1660, 12 Sep. Paulus Turck, previously unmarried man, (?) the Hague, and Aeltje Barents Coel, previously unmarried woman, of (New) Amsterdam in New Netherland.)

1664
Eodem. Willem Isaacszen Vredenburg, Uyttenhage, en Apollonia Barents, Uyt N. Nederlt.
(1664, Same day (19 Oct). Willem Isaacszen Vredenburg, of the Hague, and Apollonia Barents, of New Netherland.)


Marriage Records of the Reformed Dutch Church of Albany, New York

1688, Feb. 5. First banns. Pieter B. Cool, widower of Henderikje Jansz, and Yanneke Dingmans, j. d., both from Kinderhook.

Source: Records of the Reformed Dutch Church of Albany, New York, 1683-1809, excerpted from the Year Books of the Holland Society of New York.


Kingston Marriage Register.

Page 512    Marriage Number 123    1696, 22 Nov.
TEUNIS KOOL, widower of MARRITJE GERRITS, born in N. Jorck (New York), and WILLEMJE LANGEN, j. d., born under the jurisdiction of Kingstouwn. Banns published, but dates not given.

Source: Hoes, Roswell Randall (comp.), Baptismal and Marriage Registers of the Old Dutch Church of Kingston, Ulster County, New York, Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1997 (originally published by De Vinne Press (New York), 1891).


    "The Book of Members or Register of the Members here since the year 1649...
Marritie Leenarts, h.v Barent Jacobszen"
Source: Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in the City of New York: Church Members' List.


Footnotes

[1] Jacob's baptismal record has not been found. He was born and baptized well before 1660, when baptismal records were first kept in New Amsterdam. The belief that he is the son of Barent Jacobsen Cool and Marritje Leenderts stems from the following facts:
        1) Jacob's patronymic name is Barentsen, implying that his father was named Barent.
        2) Jacob was using the same surname (Cool) as Barent. (This alone does not guarantee relationship, however.)
        3) Traditionally, the first two sons were named after their grandfathers and the first two daughters after their
            grandmothers. In Jacob's family, they are Symen and Barent, and Marritje and Claertie.
        4) If Jacob was the firstborn son, he would have probably been named after a grandfather. Barent's father would have
            been named Jacob, as implied from his patronym, Jacobsen.
        5) Barent and Jacob were both porters in the Weigh-house at New Amsterdam and were both appointed as Beer and
            Wine Carriers in the same city. Jacob was probably following in his father's footsteps.
[2] No extant marriage record. Leendert and Marritje had children baptized in Kingston, including Barend (#371) and Maria (#490), and in New York City.
[3] Teunis Kray was later dismissed from serving as the Beer-Carrier because of his petition to retain the privilege of tapping. His official position as Beer-Carrier would have given him an unfair advantage in his business as a Tapster. (see Fernow, Records of New Amsterdam..., vol. I, pg. 192.)
[4] There were two classes of burghers (freemen) in New Amsterdam. The Great Burghers had the right to hold the "higher municpal offices" (Schout, Burgomaster, Schepen, Orphan-master). The Small Burghers could not hold these offices but they could hold "minor or servile offices".


(c) 2002 by Michelle Boyd, All rights reserved.
 

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Last updated 30 Aug 2002.