Mary Paxton of Finmere, Oxfordshire married Thomas Southam of
Croton 16 January 1665 in Mixbury, Oxfordshire. The marriage is
recorded both in the Mixbury parish register, and in Mary's home
parish of Finmere.
Marriage record for Thomas Southam and Mary Paxton in the Mixbury
The Finmere parish register records:
Jan 15 1665/6, Southam, Thomas
of Croton (Croughton) and Paxton, Maria, married at Mixbury.
No christening record has been found for Mary or Maria Paxton in
Finmere in the right time period (approximate 1635-1646), but the
Paxtons were a prominent farming family in Finmere. "Contemporary
with these, and chief among the yeoman of the village, was the
family of Paxton." (History
There were several Paxton couples having children in the right
period. The following entries were found in the Finmere parish
register between 1630 and 1659::
1636, Palm Sunday
Paxton, Anna, d. Thomas and Mar: 1647, Dec
Paxton, Henry 1649/50, Mar
15 Paxton, Anna 1652, Dec
These are the potential parents for Mary:
Frances and Alice Paxton
Peter and Elizabeth Paxton
Thomas and Margaret
William and Cicely Paxton
Frances Paxton left a will dated 29 December 1637, proven 17
February 1638, mentioning wife Alice, daughter (Susan) who married
George Watte, and grandchild Anne Paxton, the daughter of Frances'
son, Thomas (died 1636). No mention is made of a daughter Mary.
Peter and Elizabeth Paxton have children in the parish of Barton
Hartshorn near Finmere (about two miles away). They do have a
daughter Maria christened in 31 July 1651. If this were our Mary
Paxton, then this would make her 13 years old at the time of her
marriage to Thomas Southam in 1665. This is unlikely. The couple
also has a daughter, Elizabeth, christened 2 January 1649 in
Barton. There seems to be another Peter and Elizabeth couple in
Finmere, who have children starting in 1660, which is too late for
Thomas and Margaret had a daughter, Anna, christened in 1636. This
is the grandchild mentioned in Frances' will of 1637. Thomas died
in 1636. If Mary were a child of Thomas, she would have been
mentioned in Frances' will in addition to Anna.
William and Cicely Paxton supposedly have the following children:
Wiliam (1647), Henry (1647), Anna (1649), and Thomas (1652). The
extracted parish register for Finmere on CD shows the christening
of these four children with no parents listed. These children are
listed with Henry and Cicely as their parents in other sources,
such as Pedigree Resource File.
William and Cicely are the most likely parents for Mary. She is
not mentioned as child or grandchild in Frances' will. She
is listed as being of Finmere, not Barton Hartshorn. Peter and
Elizabeth have a child named Maria after the time Mary would have
been born. William and Cicely have children in the right location,
in the right time period. There is no christening record for Mary,
but records in the 1640s in England were often impacted by the
English Civil War.
A deed made for Finmere for inclosing the common fields, created
1 June 1667, lists landowners in Finmere. These would be the adult
landowners about the time of Mary's wedding. The following Paxtons
An Abstract of the Deed made on
the Inclosing the Common Fields of Finmere, 1667 The deed dated June 1st, 1667 Parties' Names
Henry Paxton of Finmere Peter Paxton, his son and heir Elizabeth, wife of the said
Peter Paxton Peter Paxton of Beggars Barton Cicely Paxton, relict of William
Paxton, yeoman and mother and guardian to
William Paxton, the son and heir of the said
William Paxton deceased, and William Paxton the son
FAMILY GROUP RECORD OF
WILLIAM AND CICELY PAXTON
William Paxton was christened 1
November 1611 in Finmere, the son of Henry Paxton. He married
Cicely. He is listed as a yeoman. He died and was buried 8 April
1663 in Finmere. His burial record lists him as William Paxton,
"1663. Sepult Gulielmus Paxton, legalis homo, qui
quotannis ex fundo suo XI, sterlingoru sum potuit derogare
Cicely died as a widow, and was buried in 1675/6 in Finmere.
Burial record for Cecilia Paxton in Finmere: "Cicilia
Paxton vidua exivit bacluer functa in Domino Jan 29 1673"
William and Cicely likely had the following children:
*1. Mary, born in about
1645 of Finmere; married Thomas Southam 16 January 1665 in
Mixbury; buried 19 May 1711 in Cropredy.
2. William, christened
10 December 1647 in Finmere; died 1711.
3. Henry, christened 10
December 1647 in Finmere.
4. Anna, christened 15
March 1649/50 in Finmere.
5. Thomas, christened
21 December 1652 in Finmere.
SOURCES: Finmere parish register; Mixbury parish register;
History of Finmere, J.C. Blomfield, 1998.
FAMILY GROUP RECORD OF HENRY PAXTON
Henry Paxton was born in about 1588
of Finmere, the son of Peter and Agnes Paxton. Henry died and
was buried 16 November 1642 in Finmere.
Henry left a will dated 21 February 1647, and proven 4 November
Will of Henry Paxton, 1646
In the name of God Amen, the one and twentith daie of
Ffebruary in the yeare of our Lord God one thousand six
hundred ffourtie and seaven, I Henry Paxton of
Ffynmore in the Countie of Oxford, yeoman, being sicke in
bodie but of good and perfect memorie, thanks be to God for
the same, doe make this my last will & testament in manner
and forme following, ffirst I commend my soule unto God the
father trusting to be made partaker of his celestiall knigdome
through the merits of Christ Jesus my mercifull God and
Saviour. And my bodie to be buried in the parish church or
churchyard of Ffynmore aforesaid. And as concerning that small
substance of worldlie goods which the Lord of his mercie hath
bestowed on me I give and bequeath as followeth. Imprimus, I
give to the church of Ffynmore tenne shillings. And to the
poore people of the same parish tenne shillings.
Item, I give to my daughter Millasent Turvye
ffive pounds in money. Also a cowe, a joynd bedsteede, a
coffer and a paire of sheetes. Item, I give unto my grandchild Ann Turvydaughter
of John Turvy seaven pounds in money to be delivered to
the overseers of this my will within six months next after my
desesse to be by them sett out or imploid for hir best
advantage till shee com to eighteen years of aage or marriage
or eyther of which shall first happen. And if shee happen to
die before the said lymitted times, then I give the same to Richard
Turvey and John Turvey my grandchildren equallie to be
devided betwixt them. And I also give to the said Richard and
John ffourtie shillings a peece to help sett them prentise.
And I give unto John Turvey my sonne in lawe my waring
clothes or apparel.
Item, I give and bequeath unto William Paxton my
grandchild ten pounds in money to be sett out for his
benefits by my overseers hereof till he com to one and twentie
years of age, then both principall and interest to be paid
unto him. And if hee die before his said age then I give the
same amongst the rest of my sonne William Paxtons children
Item, I give unto my daughter Ann Evans ffourtie
shillings to buy his a gowne. And I give unto my
grandchild Henry Evans ffyve pounds, the money to be
likewise sett out to use for him by my said overseers till hee
com to his age of one and twentie years. And if hee happen to
decesse before his said age then I bequeath to same amongst
the other of the children of my said daughter Ann Evans that
shalbe then surviving.
Item, that I doe hereby order and appoint that all the
legacies herein bequeathed amongst my grandchildren be paid
and delivered by my executor into the hands of the overseers
hereof within six monethes after my decesse without any longer
delay to be sett out to use as aforesaid. All the rest of my
goods, chattells and cattell whatsoever unbequeathed, my debts
being paid and my ffunerall expences defrayed I give and
bequeath unto my sonne William Paxton whom I make my
sole executor. And I doe nominate and request my cossen
Peter Paxton of Ffynmore and my loving frend Thomas
William of Mixbury in the said countie, yeoman to be the
overseers of this my will, desiring them to see the same
performed according to the true intent and meaning hereof. And
I give them for their paines herein halfe a crowne a peece. In
wittnesse whereof I have hereunto sett my hand and seale the
daie and yeare first above written. Sealed and acknowledged in the presence of us, Thos
Wheatley the wryter hereof and of Thomas Wellicom of Mixbury,
Inventory for Henry Paxton
A true inventory of all the goods,
chattells and cattell of Henry Paxton, late of Ffynmore in
the Countie of Oxon, yeoman, decessed, prized the fourth
day of Aprill in Anno Dom 1648 by those whose names are
hereunto subscribed, that is to say Imprimus, his wareing apparel prised at 2-10-0 Item, the bedsteed and all the bedding and bed in the
little chamber 2-15-0 Item in the same chamber two coffers 0-2-4 Item, his lynnen of all sorts 0-13-4 Item, the bed steed and valians in the middle
chamber 0-6-8 Item, the rest of the household stuffe in the middle
chamber 0-3-0 Item, the joynd bedsteed standing at the stare
head 0-6-0 Item, andirons, spits, woolfales, edgtooles, rakes,
old iron and iron works whatsoever 0-16-0 Item, a chest and coffer in the lower chamber
0-10-0 Item, the chaires, a table and frame, a cubbard and a
forme 0-12-0 Item, all his brasse and pewter 0-16-0 Item, foure lands of wheate and barly filth in the
wheate field the one halfe of them being due to him prised
at 1-2-0 Item, his pese and other grains 0-13-4 Item, two beasts prised at 5-0-0 Item, his fodder and hay 0-1-0 Item, his wood and wooden necessaries and
implements 0-6-8 Item, all the moneu owing unto him upon bills and
bonds 45-0-0 Item, his money which he has in his owne keeping at
the time of his death 1-12-0 Item, that all the rest of his implements necessary
utensils and lumber in and about his house and
homesteed 0-3-4 Item, his pte in tenn sheepe and six lambs
2-12-0 Suma totals 66-0-10
Henry had the following children:
christened 25 March 1608 in Finmere; married John Turvey;
mentioned in father's will.
*2. William, christened
1 November 1611 in Finmere; married Cicely; buried 8 April 1663
in Finmere; occupation: lawyer, yeoman.
3. Henry, christened 22
January 1627/8 in Finmere.
4. Ann, christened 6 September 1618 in Finmere;
mentioned in father's will; married Mr. Evans.
SOURCES: Finmere parish
register; Pedigree Resource File; will of Henry Paxton, 1646.
FAMILY GROUP RECORD OF PETER AND AGNES PAXTON
Peter Paxton was born in about 1550
of Buckinghamshire, the son of Edmund Paxton. He married Agnes.
He was a yeoman farmer. Peter is mentioned in a History of
Finmere: "Contemporary with
these, and chief among the yeoman of the village, was the
family of Paxton. The first member of this family known to be
resident at Finmere was Peter Paxton, whose name first occurs
in 1581, several children of his being baptised in the Parish
Church between that year and 1598." (History of Finmere)
Peter wrote a will in 1615, proven 7
February 1616, mentioning wife Agnes, oldest son Edward,
youngest son Henry, youngest daughter Millicent, daughter Jane,
and brother William. He asked to be buried in the churchyard
where his son William was buried.
Peter and Agnes had the following children:
1. Elizabeth, buried 12
2. Joan, christened 24
June 1582 in Finmere; married Nicholas Jakeman.
3. Edward, christened
10 January 1585/6 in Finmere. This may be the Edmund mentioned
in his grandfather's will of 1597.
4. Jane, christened 8
June 1587 in Finmere; married Mr. Fenimore.
christened 20 April 1592 in Finmere.
6. William, christened
4 February 1598/9 in Finmere; died before 1616; buried in
*7. Henry, born in
about 1588 in Finmere; buried 16 November 1642 in Finmere.
SOURCES: Finmere parish
register; Pedigree Resource File; will of Peter Paxton, proven
7 November 1616.
FAMILY GROUP RECORD OF EDMUND AND AGNES PAXTON
Edmund Paxton was born in about
1520 of Buckinghamshire, England, the son of John and Alice
Paxton. He married Agnes. He was a yeoman of Barton Hartshorn,
Buckinghamshire. Edmund, yeoman of Barton Hartshorn left a
will proven 5 February 1597, leaving considerable property in
Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire. In it he mentions his sons,
William, Peter, John and Edmund, daughter Elizabeth Moore -
the wife of George Moore, gent., grandson Edmund - the son of
son Peter, granddaughter Anne - the daughter of son Edmund,
Edmund Paxton - "my elder brother's son", and Gyles, "my
brother William's son".
Edmund Paxton is mentioned in a history of Barton Hartshorn: "
By 1254–5 the abbey of Oseney
was seised of land in Barton which was afterwards known as
the manor of BARTON HARTSHORN alias BEGGARS BARTON, and held
it until the Dissolution. In 1541 it was granted in fee to
John Wellesbourne, who died in 1548. His son John conveyed
the manor in 1569–70 to Edmund Packson or Paxton, who died
seised in 1596. His son William succeeded him, and died in
1628, leaving a son Thomas. After this date it passed,
according to Willis, to the Butterfield family, a member of
which had married the heiress of the Paxtons. About 1716
Eleanor Butterfield married George Southam, to whom she
brought this estate, which he held in 1735.
Edmund had the following children:
1. William, died
1628, father of Thomas.
*2. Peter, born
in about 1550; married Agnes; died in 1615 n Finmere; will
proven 7 February 1617.
4. Edmund - father
5. Elizabeth, married George Moore, gent.
SOURCES: Pedigree Resource
File; will of Peter Paxton, 1617, PCC; will of Edmund
Paxton, 5 February 1597, PCC; A History of the County of
Buckinghamshire: Barton Hartshorn,
FAMILY GROUP RECORD OF JOHN AND ALICE PAXTON
John Paxton was born the late
1400s or very early 1500s. He married Alice. John died 13
February 1552/3 in Barton. Alice died in 1553. John and Alice
Paxton had the following child:
1. William -
husbandman in Barton Hartshorn, father of Gyles.
2. Edmund, born
in about 1520; married Agnes; will proven 5 February 1597 of
Barton Hartshorn, Buckinghamshire.
3. Henry, born about
1526, husbandman in Hillesden, Buckinghamshire; married Jane;
died 18 July 1558 in Hillesden. .
SOURCES: Pedigree Resource
File; will of Edmund Paxton, 1597; Paxson/Paxton Family in
England, on rootsweb; www.genealogy.com.