FAMILY GROUP RECORD OF
NICHOLAS AND ELIZABETH GARDNER
Nicholas Gardner was
born in about 1535 of Little Bourton in Cropredy, the son of
Thomas and Ellyn Gardner. He married Elizabeth. Nicholas was a
churchwarden in Cropredy in 1557: "Nicholys Gardner,
Nicholas was named as
an overseer in a will for Richard Denzey in 1558: "I make my
overseers Nicholas Gardner and Thomas Sherman and they
are to have 8d apiece for their pains."
He is also mentioned
in a land deed of 1557: "May 10, 1557 Tho. Smythe, Tho. Gubbyn
and Roger Truste, transfer the property to, apparently for
the most part, younger men: John
Ffrenshe, sen., and Tho. Ffrenshe, his son, John Ffrenshe,
jun., Tho. Howse, and William, his son, his son, Rich.
Lumbard, Will. Page, Tho. Robins, and Rich., his son, John
Gibbes and Will., his son, John, son of Will. Hall, James
Hall, Will. Helkington, Vincent Baylis, John Pryons, Peter Tyms,
Will. Plant, Rob. Mole, John Gibbes, Nich. Gardener,
Bacheler, parishioners of the parish
church of Croprydie." (Historical Notices of the Parish of
Nicholas was also
mentioned in the will of John Toms in 1558: "It would seem
John Toms in 1558 was worried about one son's
behaviour and to secure his obedience to his future master,
Toms made stern warnings in his will. He may advocate a hard
time for George, but he does not mention whipping him into
submission, instead he used his future inheritance as a more
powerful threat. "I will Nicholas Gardner to have George Tomes
my sone to do him service for the space of vj yeres and to
have with hym ij shepe and a calfe of vij wekes olde, a brasse
pott, a pewter platter, a table and a forme and so the said
Nicholas to be delivered to the sayd George Tomes the value of
the same stuffe againe at the end of vj yeres which is praysed
by certain honest men and if he will not be ruled by his
masters his master shall kepe this stuffe awaye from him and
the sayd George Tomes to have none of hit." His other sone
Thomas was to go to Thomas Gardner for six years. He had two
sheep, "a platter, a kettell" and the same conditions applied,
but a little less fierce being: "upon his masters gentillnes
and favor." He then added "I bequeath to Thomas ij borrdes to
make him a table." (The Town of Cropredy)
Nicholas is also mentioned in the will of his uncle George Gardner of Great Bourton in 1591:
In the name of God Amen the eight and twentieth daye of Aprill in the three and thirtithe yere of the raigne of oure soveraigne Ladie Elizabeth Quene, I George Gardner of Greate Burton in the Countie of Oxon and in ye parishe of Cropredye, being sicke in bodie but perfect in memorye thanks be given to God, revoking all other former willes, do make and ordeyne this my last will and testamente in manner and forme folowinge, ...
I give and grante unto
Nicholas Gardner sonne of my Brother Thomas Gardner my
pece of grounde called Hardwicke peece with the appurtenances
thereunto belonging which I bought of Mr. Anthony Cope. To
have and to holde the same piece of grounde called Hardwicke
peere with the appurtenances to the said Nicholas Gardner his
executors, administrators and assignes from the ffeaste of
Sainte Michaell the Archanngell next after my decease unto the
ende and tearme of twentie and one yeres then next and
ymediatlie fullie to be complete and ended for the yerelie
rente of ffower pence, will that my executors by virtue of
this my last will and testament shall seale for the
contynenance of the foresaied tearme of yeres according to the
tenor and effect of this my said last will and testament in
manner and forme above veryted....
I give more unto the said Nicholas Gardner in
wood bourdes and other house stuffe to the value of tenne
poundes or else ten poundes of lawfull money of England at
the choice of the said Nicholas.
are also made to:
more five quarters of barley wherof I will that William
Gardner his Brother shall pai hym one quarter out of
that halfe yarde land croppe hereafter mentioned, the
abovenamed Thomas Hollway a halfe a quarter and the abovenamed
Thomas Gardner the
other halfe quarter. Item, I give grante and bequeathe unto William Gardner sonne of the saied
Thomas Gardner my Brother in full satisfaction of all
accounts between hym and me.
Item, I give to Thomas Gardner my godsonne and sonne of my Brother Thomas Gardner twentie shillings.
Nicholas died and was
buried in Cropredy 12 February 1611.
He left an inventory:
Nicholas Gardner of Cropredy 1611
An inventory of the goodes of Niccolas Gardner at the dets taken by William Sharman, George Wates, Roberd Croley
Item, his apparel xld
Item, the linnon xxxd
Item, the beding cd
Item, in mony xld
Item, the bras pueter and farne xld
Item, more in mony ld
Item caffoldes xld
Item, copary ware, bedes, table, forms, benches xxd
George Wattes, Robeart Croley, William Sharman
One of the
appraisers for the inventory was William Sherman, Nicholas'
Elizabeth died and
was buried 26 May 1615 in Cropredy, leaving a verbal will:
Be it known unto all men by these p’sente that Elizabeth Gardner late of Little Bourton in the p’ishe of Cropredy in the Countie of Oxon, widdow did make & ordayne her last will nuncupative or by word of mouth the tenth day of November in the yeare of our Lord God 1614 in manner & forme as followeth, first shee bequeathed her soule into the hands of God Almyghtie who gave it & and her body she willed to be layed in the pysh church of Cropedy neere to her seat and, and as for her goods she did bequeath them all unto Ann Sharman her daughter the wyfe of William Sharman of Borton aforesaid who she made executor of this her said last will. In witness hereof George Gardner.
An inventory was also
created for Elizabeth:
A true inventory of all the goods of Elizabeth Gardner late of Borton in the p’ishe of Cropredy in the county of Oxon, widow, prised by Thomas Gardner and James Bachelar of the same towne.
Imprimis, on fether bedd xxd
Item, a mattris & a boulster xd
Item, three pillows xd
Item, two cuverlides and on blanket xxiid
Item, three gownes and three peticotes iiid
Item, a warminge pan iiid
Item, two halle xxd
Item, halfe a dozen of napkins vd
Item, three payre of sheetes xxxd
Item her other linen and a tafata aperne xd
*1. Anne, born
in about 1565 of Cropredy; married William Sherman 27 June 1587 in Cropredy.
2. Alice, christened 25 February 1570/1 in Cropredy.
3. George, christened 5 April 1573 in Cropredy.
4. Thomas, christened 25 March 1575/6 in Cropredy.
GROUP RECORD OF
THOMAS AND ELLYN GARDNER
Gardner was born in about 1510 of Cropredy. He married Ellyn.
Ellyn of Williamscot died in 1559, leaving a will.
Testament of Elena Garnar de Wyllyscott p’och de Wardinton
In the name of God Amen, the xth daye of Septeber anno Dom 1559, I Ellyn Garnar sicke of bodie but p’fett of remembrance do make my last will and testamet as foloweth: Ffirst I bequeathe my soule to God and my bodie to be buried in the churche yard of Wardinton. I geve to the hight aultere iiijd and to the bells iiijd. I geve to Sir Thomas Hays xiijd. I geve to Nicholas my sone a brasse panne and iij peces of pewter. I geve to Thomas my sone a brasse potte and iij peces of pewter. I geve to Umfrie tene ij shepe. Item, I geve to John Garner, Nicholas and Isabell ether of theym one shepe. I geve to Thomas Garnar my sonne one heifer. I geve iiij brynded cows at Burton to Alys Foxe. All the rest of my goodes not bequeathed I geve to Thomas Foxe whome I make my full executor thes beinge wyttness, Sir Thomas Hays, prist, John Elkington, and John Thorncraft.
Proven 29 June 1559
Thomas and Ellyn had the following children:
born in about 1535 of Cropredy; married Elizabeth; mentioned in
mother's will of 1559; mentioned in uncle George Gardner's will
in 1591; buried 12 February 1610/11 in Cropredy.
2. William, born in about 1540 of Cropredy; mentioned in uncle George Gardner's will in 1591.
3. Thomas, born in about 1545 of Cropedy; mentioned in mother's will of 1559. mentioned in uncle George Gardner's will in 1591; married Elizabeth; occupation: yeoman; had children Josiah, Steven, Timothie, Hannah, Katherine, Mary and Martha; buried 5 October 1633; left a will dated 27 November 1633.
4. John, mentioned in mother's will of 1559.
5. Isabell, mentioned in mother's will of 1559.
parish register; will of George Gardner of Great Bourton, 1591
on www.findmypast.co.uk; will of Ellyn Garner, 1559,
If you have any additional information about this family, please contact me at email@example.com.
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