FAMILY GROUP RECORD OF
THOMAS AND JONE GYLL
Thomas Gyll of Cropredy was born in about 1510 of Cropredy.
He married Jone. Both Thomas and his brother William were
mentioned as copyholders of land in Cropredy in 1552: "Thomas
and William Gill had been copyholders on the episcopal manor
in 1552, when William was tenant of Walkers ground." (A
History of the County of Oxford)
Thomas and Jone had the following children: Richard, Elizabeth,
Margery (christened 13 December 1539), William (buried 9
February 1556/7), Edith, Alice, Em, and an unnamed son buried 9
February 1556. Jone died and was buried in 1559. (The Town of
Thomas died and was buried 28 August 1557 in Cropredy.
Burial record for Thomas Gyll in Cropredy:
"Thomas Gyll & Jone Bleke whas buryd the xxviij day of
He left a will written 21
August 1557, and proven 1558. The will mentions his wife Jone,
daughters Elzabeth, Avys (Alice), Margerie, and brother
Will of Thomas Gyll, 1557
Testamentum Thomae Gyll
paroch' de Cropredye
In the name of God Amen the xxj daye of August
Anno d'ni 1557 I Thomas Gyll with a parfette memory
and sicke in body doo make my wyll in this maner and forme
ffyrst I betake my sowle to God all myghtie and to his
blessed mother Saynte Marie and to all the holly cumpanye in
Heaven my bodye to be buryed in the churche yarde of owr
Ladie in the parisshe of Cropredye. I doo gyve unto the hye
alter for foregotten tythes iiijd And to the reparac'ons of
the same xijd And to the sepulcre light iiijd And to the
roodelight iiijd And to the bells xijd And to the sowe
Bridge iiijd And to ev'y godchilde ijd apece.
And I doo gyve unto Margarett
Lynton the croppe of a quartern lande called Cowpers
lande for the space of one yere And I doo gyve unto Elzabeth
my dawghter my greate brasse potte and my greate
spytte and a quartern Lande and my Wyll is that Jone my
wyffe shall have the occupying of it so longe as she
dothe lyve. And I doo gyve unto Elzabeth my dawghter
my best Iron bounde carte And to Jone my wyffe and Elzabeth
my dawghter my hole teeme as it is nowe, And I doo make Jone
my wyffe and Elzabeth my dawghter my full executrices they
to bringe my bodye honestly to the grounde perfourmyng my
wyll and to paye my detts they to have the resydew of my
goods unbequested These goods to be departed betwyxt theym
two by the discretion of my overseers and other honest men.
And when these goods be departed in even porc'ons then my
wyll is that Avys and Margerye my dawghters shall
have halffe of my goods with their syster Elzabeth.
And my wyll is that Avys and Margerie my dawghters
shall have ether of theym a colte of three yeres olde
bred up betwyxte theym two beyng my executrices. And to Richarde
Gyll tymber to make hym a plough with all. And I doo
make Wyllyam Gyll my brother Thomas Plantte and Hugh
Sabyne my overseers they to have for their Labors iijs iiijd
apece. And yf that Avys my dawghter and Margerie her syster
be not contente that Elzaby my dawghter shall have
my greate spytte my greate potte and my quartern Lande as
they dyd promisse me that they wolde be contente therwith or
els they shall have no parte with Elzaby my dawghter and
this is my my wyll that it shalbe ordered. These bering
wytnesse here-of Richarde Denze John Russell with
certen other. Thus Jhesu reste my sowle at his pleasure amen
A will was written by Jone Gyll in 1559 - Johane Gill
left a will written in 1559, mentioning daughters Elizabeth,
Marjerie, Alice, and Em, sons Thomas and Richard. William Gill
was one of the overseers for the will.
Will of Jone Gyll, 1559
Testament Johane Gill, poche de Cropredie
In the name of God Amen, the xth daye of Apriell anno
dei 1559, I Johane Gill, sicke of bodie but pfect of
mynde do make my last will and testament as folowithe: first
I bequethe my soule to God and my bodie to be buried in the
church yard of Cropredie. I geve to the aulter for forgotten
tythes ijd, and to the reparations of the church ijd, and to
the saye pawlecloth ijd. And to the bellys ijd. I geve to
Alys Gynton my best violet kertell, my cappe and my
gyredell. And I geve to Elsabeth my daughter my best
russet kertell & an apron and a cather. I geve to Margerie
my daughter my best peticot, a napron and a smock and
my beades with arrings ___. I also geve to Alys my
daughter my second russet kertell aprons and a pewter
dishe. I geve to Jone Gobbyn a peticot with fustian,
on bodytt and to my sister a wolle apron, and to Aves
Wilkins a aprone of leeve. I geve to Katherine my
best aprone. I geve to Jone Sabin a aprone. I geve
to my daughter Em a smocke and a carchev. I make Ric.
my sonne my full executor of this my last will and
testament. And so have the rest of my goodes not bequeathed
and I make Thomas Gill my sonne my overseer and to
have for his labors iijs iiijd. And I make Thomas Plante my
overseer and he to have for his paynes xxd. Wytnes Willm
Gill, John Russell, Richard Densey et al.
Thomas and Jone had the following children:
*2. Elizabeth, married Thomas Densie; left a will
dated 16 June 1596 in Cropredy.
3. Margery, christened 13 December 1539 in Cropredy
4. William, buried 9 February 1556/7 in Cropredy.
SOURCE: Cropredy parish register,
www.ancestry.co.uk; will of Thomas Gyll, 1557; will of Johan
Other early Gylls in Cropredy and Great Bourton:
Thomas and William may be the son of John Gyll of Cropredy, who was
buried 20 April 1545 in Cropredy. John was mentioned in a land deed
in October 1512: "Roger Lupton and Rich. Skipwith grant to Thos.
Ffrench, Rob. Lumbard, Rich. Howse, Hugh Page, Will. Lumbard, Rog.
Truste, Rob. Burman, Will. Grene, Tho. Smyth, Tho. Dalton, Will.
Newman, Rob. Osborne, Peter Lumbard, John Shereman, John Gubbys,
Tho. Hall, John Gyll, Tho. Plant, Will. Walker, Tho. Gobyn,
Valentine Jamys, Tho. Colyer, John Jefkyns, Thos. Browne and Tho.
Bacheler, of Cropredy, our two tenements in Wardington, two crofts
appertaining, and a quarter of a yardland; one tenement and croft
between Hugh Tynkok, north, and Rob. Mathew, south; the other
tenement and croft between Joan Sabyon, widow, east, and Juliana
Collys, west; which tenements lately were Thos. Besonds’, of
Wardington." (Historical Notices of Cropredy)
John may be the son of Richard Gill, mentioned in A History of the
County of Oxford. Richard paid an assessment in 1523: "By the
16th century, however, the Bourtons were relatively more
prosperous, and in 1523 35 people in the two villages were
assessed at £4 11s. 8d., more than the total for Wardington and
Coton. This was partly due to one man, Richard Gill, who was
assessed at 32s. on goods; nine others were assessed at between
2s. and 4s., 23 at less than 2s. but more than the landless
labourers' rate of 4d., at which only two were assessed...Richard
Gill had had the highest assessment in Bourton for the 1523
subsidy." This Richard would have been born in the late 1400s.
SOURCES: Cropredy parish register on CD; A History of the County
of Oxford, vol. 10; “The Town of Cropredy”, Pamela Keegan; will of
William Gill, 1557; Thomas Gyll, 1558, wills on
http://wills.oxfordshirefhs.org.uk and www.findmypast.co.uk.