FAMILY GROUP RECORD OF ROBERTE CORNOW AND MISS BILLINGTON
Roberte Cornow was christened 5 December 1606 in Kirkham,
Lancashire, England. He was the biological father of Elizabeth
Cornow. Roberte and Miss Billington were not married.
Baptism record for Elizabeth Cornow in Woodplumpton: "Elizabeth Cornow supposed base doughter of Robte Cornow
alias Billington bap the 24th of August anno dom 1634"
Roberte also appears in Elizabeth's marriage
record as her father.
Marriage record for Elizabeth Cornow, showing "Robte
Cornow hir father" as a witness
There is no record of Roberte and Miss
Billington marrying, and no later children.
Robert "of Catforth" died and was buried 26 April
1671 in Woodplumpton.
Roberte and Miss Billington had the following child:
*1. Elizabeth, christened 24 August 1634 in
Woodplumpton; married Richard Eyves 31 January 1656 in
SOURCES: Woodplumpton parish register; Preston St. John
parish register; www.ancestry.co.uk.
FAMILY GROUP RECORD
OF RICHARD CORNOE AND ELIZABETH HUDSON
Richard Cornoe "of Cornoe" was christened 30 April
1584 in Kirkham.. He married Elizabeth Hudson 20 November
1606 in Kirkham.
Marriage record for Richard Cornoe and Elizabeth Hudson
in Kirkham: "Richard Corno & Eliz Hudson - xx"
Cornoe is a townland in Greenhalgh, about three miles north
of Kirkham. The family had ancient roots there and their
surname was taken from this place: "Cornoe or Corner Row
(in Greehalgh) – The original name was Corney, to which
was added raw, row “a number of houses standing in a
line”. Corney apparently means “corn island”, i.e., the
island where corn was grown. Corney stands in a bend of
Thistleton Brook, which here makes a right angle; this may
have caused the place to be described as an island." (The
Place-Names of Lancashire)
Richard and Elizabeth had the following children:
1. John, christened 3 September 1607 in Kirkham.
*2. Roberte, christened 5 December 1609 in Kirkham,
Baptism record for Roberte Cornow in Kirkham: "Robt
Cornoe fillius Richard de Cornoe - v"
FAMILY GROUP RECORD
OF RAFFE CORNOE AND JENET CHARNOCK
Raffe Cornoe was born in about 1540 of Kirkham, most likely
the son of Robert and Margaret Cornowe. He married Jenet
Charnock 2 November 1572 in Kirkham. Janet was christened 10
September 1544 in Kirkham, the daughter of James Charnock.
Marriage record for Raffe Cornoe and Jenet Charnock in
Kirkham: "Raffe Cornay & Jenet Charnock - ij"
Raffe (Ralph) Cornoe was involved in a court case in
1592, as he brought suit against Henry Butler in a
dispute over pasture land in Greenhalgh and Cornoe. (Ducatus
Lancastriae Pars Quarta) Seized in fee indicates
legal possession of an estate or feudal fiefdom.
Calendar to Pleadings
Raffe also brought suit the same year
against John Thorneton, William Eyre, Richard Carter,
and Henry Butler over a disputed claim to the commonage
of pasture on specified lands in Greenhalgh Manor. (Ducatus
Lancastriae Pars Quarta)
Calendar to Pleadings
The cases are mentioned in the Tyldesley
Diary: "Ralph Cornoe about this time was seized
in fee of messuages in Greenoe, Greenall, and Cornoe,
and Henry Cornow de Cornowe, was returned as a
free-tenant in 18 Jas. 1 (1621)."
Raffe and Jenet had the following children:
1. Richard, christened 7 December 1578 in Kirkham;
buried 7 February 1578/9.
2. Henry, christened 26 March 1580 in Kirkham.
*3. Richard, christened 30 April 1584 in Kirkham;
married Elizabeth Hudson 25 November 1606 in Kirkham.
Baptism record for Richard Cornoe in Kirkham:
"Richard Cornay fillius Raffe - xxx"
4. Alice, christened 3 October 1596 in Kirkham.
SOURCES: Kirkham parish register; www.findmypast.co.uk;
Calendar to Pleadings, Ducatus Lancastriae Pars Quarta;
The Tyldesley Diary.
FAMILY HISTORY OF ROBERT AND MARGARET CORNOWE
Robert Cornow was born in about 1520 of Cornowe. He is most
likely the father of Raffe Cornowe. Robert married Margaret.
Robert was a free tenant in Cornowe in 1585: "Robert
Cornow was returned as a free-tenant in 1585, and his Inq.
Post-mortem is dated 6 Jas. 1 (1609-10). (The Tyldesley
Margaret died and was buried 11 December 1577 in
Burial record for Margaret in Kirkham: "Margaret Cornay uxor Robt - xi"
Robert and Rowland Cornowe were involved in a court case
in 1592 brought by Henry Butler, the landlord, over
messuages and lands in Greenhalgh and Cornowe, just like
Raffe Cornowe. It seems the Cornowes and Henry Butler were
having some disagreements, or this may be a way of recording
and preserving their land transactions.
Calendar to Pleadings
Henry Butler again brought suit against Robert Cornow in
1594 over a messuage and lands in Greenhalgh Manor.
Calendar to Pleadings
Both Robert and Rowland were mentioned in British
History Online: "Robert and Rowland Cornoe were
charterers in 1593. Robert Cornoe in 1604 held land in
Cornoe and Greenhalgh of Heny Butler of his manor of
Greenhalgh by 11d. rent. Rowland, his son and heir,
was fifty years old. Rowland died in 1609, leaving a
son Henry, aged twenty-nine." (British History
Online – Greenhalgh-with-Thistleton)
Robert died 28 March 1604 in Cornowe, and is mention in
an inquisition post mortem in 1609/10, with a messuage
and land in Cornowe and Greenhalgh.
Inquisition post mortem for Robert Cornowe in 1609/10
"Inquisition taken at Preston in
Amounderness 12 Sept., 6 James , before the same
Escheator, after the death of Robert Cornowe, by the
oath of the same Jurors, who say the said Robert was
seised in fee of 3 messuages, 12 acres of land, 6
acres of meadow, and 10 acres of pasture in Cornowe
and Greenoll, which are held of Henry Butler, Esq., as
of his manor of Greenoll in free and common socage by
fealty and 11d. rent; and are worth per ann. (clear)
20s.Robert Cornowe died 28 March, 1604, at
Cornowe; and after his death Roland Cornowe, his son
and heir, now aged 50 years or more, entered into
possession." (Vol. xix, No. 30, 12 Sept. 1608.
Lancashire Inquisitions Returned into the Chancery of
the Duchy of Lancaster)
Robert had the following children:
1. Rowland, born about 1538 of Cornowe; occupation -
yeoman; died 12 February 1608/9 in Cornowe. "Rowland
Cornoe, yeoman. Vol. xix. No. 40. 27 April, 1609.
Inquisition taken at Preston in Amounderness 27 April, 7
James , before the same Escheator, after the death
of Rowland Cornoe of Cornoe Roe, yeoman, by the oath of
the same Jurors, who say that the said Rowland was seised
in fee of 3 messuages, 12 acres of land, 6 acres of
meadow, and 10 acres of pasture in Cornoe and Grenall,
which are held of Henry Butler, Esq., as of his manor of
Grenall, in free and common socage by fealty and 11d.
rent, and are worth per ann. (clear), 20s. Rowland Cornoe
died 12 February last [1608-9] and Henry Cornoe, his son
and next heir, is now aged 29 years and 6 months."
(Lancashire Inquisitions Returned into the Chancery of the
Duchy of Lancaster)
*2. Raffe, born about 1540 of Cornowe.
2. Margarett, christened 4 June 1543 in Kirkham.
4. Richard, christened 13 December 1545 in Kirkham.
5. Elizabeth, christened 25 May 1547 in Kirkham.
6. Luke, christened 17 October 1551 in Kirkham;
buried 22 February 1551/2 in Kirkham.
SOURCES: Kirkham parish register; www.ancestry.co.uk;
Inquisition post mortem for Robert Cornowe, 1609/10; British
History Online – Greenhalgh-with-Thistleton; Calendar to
Pleadings, Ducatus Lancastriae Pars Quarta;
The Tyldesley Diary; Kirkham in Amounderness.
Greenhalgh Castle near Cornowe, built about 1490
The Cornowe name comes from the townland of Cornowe in
Lancashire: "“Cornoe, or Corner Row, gave a surname to
its tenants. It, like Esprick and Whitacre or Whitter was
usually regarded as part of Greenhalgh.” (British
History Online – Greenhalgh-with-Thistleton) The
family and location are mentioned in the Tyldesley Diary:
"Greenhalgh-with-Thistleton forms one township. A family
of the name of Cornowe, of Cornowe, or Cornoroe, in this
township, is the only family of particular note we find
ever to have resided here. Robert Cornow was returned as a
free-tenant in 1585, and his Inq. Post-mortem is dated 6
Jas. 1 (1609-10). Ralph Cornoe about this time was seized
in fee of messuages in Greenoe, Greenall, and Cornoe, and
Henry Cornow de Cornowe, was returned as a free-tenant in
18 Jas. 1 (1621). His descendant, Rowlalnd Cornoe was
living here in 1693.” (The Tyldesley Diary)
Several Cornowes are mentioned in a rental list in 1508:
This list “gives us a full list of all those who paid
annual chief rents for housing in Kirkham town, and also
those who paid the annual rent for the land in the common
field of Kirkham. The rental also includes the tithe
returns for the several hamlets of the parish of Kirkham,
including the manor. It is dated the 24th year of Henry
VII (1508/9), and is as follows:
Rentale Garbarum et dicimar parochicae de Kyrkham debet
Abbati monasterij Beate Marie Vallae Regali Anno Regni
Regis Henrici septimi post Conquestum Angliae vicessimo
quarto. (Rent rolls for the abbott of the monastery
of St. Mary in the parish of Kirkham in the 24th year of the
reign of King Henry VII)
The record includes: “Plompton maior”, “Greenall”,
and “Medylar” (Plumpton, Greenhalgh and Medlar)
Rentale terrarium et tenentorum de Kirkeham debet Abbati
Monasterii Beate Mariae de Vallae Regali Anno Regni Regis
Henrici septimi vicessimo quarto. (Rental records of
the land and holdings of the abbott of St. Mary in the
parish of Kirkham in the 24th year of the reign of King
William Corney … 00 10 00 John Corney … 05 05 00 Richard Corney … 00 02 06
Rentale Libri Redditus Domminii de Kirkham debet Abbati
Monasterii Beate Mariae de Valle Regali Anno Regni Regis
Henrici Septimi vicessimo quarto. (Summary of the
rental returns of the abbott of the monastery of St. Mary in
the parish of Kirkham in the 24th year of the reign of King
William Corney … 00 03 00 Richard Corney … 00 00 06 John Corney (senior) … 00 02
The list shows that 28 people paid rents for houses which
amounted to 2 1s. 7d., and 25 people paid rents for
the land of the manor. (Kirkham in Amounderness)
John Cornay's occupation is discussed in light of these
records, as his rent was considerably higher than his
neighbors: "If we refer to the Vale Royal rental of 1509,
it will be recalled that in the list of the tenantry
paying rents for land in Kirkham manor occurs the name of
John Corney, who paid the exceptionally
large amount of 5 5s. 0d., and that it was concluded from
other evidence that this sum represented the rent of the
oxgang land plus a mill rent...The rental of a oxeon was
10/- which, deducted from John Corney’s
rent, gives us 4 15s. 0d. for the mill rent...It is
thus suggested that John Corney was
probably the miller and held the remaining portion of the
oxgang land not accounted for amongst the holders of the
burgages, and those that held land but no houses."
(Kirkham in Amounderness)
The Cornowes have deep roots in the area:
"In a deed granted 6 April 2 Henry 4(1401) John de
Bredkyrk granted Robert son of John Smith de Kyrkham a
certain “burgage” in the town of Kirkham The deed was
witnessed by Robert de Merscowe, John le Smith, John
de Cornay chaplain, and John de Coton." (The History
of the Parish of Kirkham: in the County of Lancaster)
In the 1379 poll tax, Symone de Cornay and wife are
found in Wesham with Medlar, and assessed 4d.
(4 September 1371) "Alice, the widow of William Dronale
of Kirkham, granted a burgage and garden in Kirkham to John
of Cornay and William of Sotheworth, chaplains, Adam
Skilycorne and William of Dutton. John of Cornay
was no doubt a member of the local famly of that name who
held land north of Wesham on the Esprick road at the place
subsequently known as Corner Row." (Kirkham in
In 1332, William de Cornay was listed in the Lay
Subsidy in "Grenoll cum Thiselton", with a tax of ij.
s. x. d. (Kirkham in Amounderness)
Perquisites of the Wapentake of Amondirness held at
Preston, on Saturday next after the feast of the
Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the 18th year
[of Edward II, 9th Feb 1325…Thomas son of Roger, in mercy
for trespass against Benedict de Cornay” (Some
Court Rolls of the Lordships, Wapentakes and Demesne
Manors of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster)
Remains of Cockersand Abbey
The adjacent vill of Greenhalgh immediately north of
Kirkham and Wesham, between the later hamlet and
Thistleton, contained the estate of Cornay. later known as
Corner Row. This gave its name to a family who made
several grants to Cockersand between the years 1212 and
1242. The principal lordship belonged to the Botiler fee
of Weeton, but Adam of Cornay was the mesne
tenant…Adam of Cornay granted to Cockersand five acres of
land in Greenhalgh in the eastern part of Whitaker, two
acres between land which formerly belonged to Robert, son
of Ravenkill, and the land of Richard the Skinner. A
further grant by the same Adam conveyed two seillons of
land next to the land of Jordan, the clerk of Kirkham, on
the north side. Another charter of Adam of Cornay mentions
“one headland between the highway and Adam of the pool’s
land”. (Kirkham in Amounderness)
These grants are mentioned in the Chartulary of
“Grant in frankalmoign by Henry son of Ketel de Corney
[to the brethren of Cockersand] of a portion of his
demensne in Corney, to wit two-thirds of the land within
these bounds, namely where the Malpas reaches the road
which crosses over Thornbarrow and from thence as the
said road proceeds to the end of Haverbarrow and
afterwards by the edge of Haverbarrow to Micklegill
which lies between the two Corneys, thence to Northmoss
and from Northmoss to the aforesaid Malpas, with common
of pasture and all easements of the vill. [S.D.
“Grant in frankalmoign from Gilbert, son of Roger fitz
Reinfred, to God and St. Mary [of Cockersand], of the
whole tenement and land of Medlar, namely, one carucate of
land, with the appurtenances as well in demesne as in
services, together with the mill of Greenhalgh and the
homage and service of Adam de Corney and his
heirs, and all easement and rights, free from all secular
demands saving the service due to the King for so much
land. [S.D. 1190-1220]"
“Grant in frankalmoign from Adam de Corney [to the
monks of Cockersand] of a certain portion of his land in
Greenhalgh, to wit, Laithollow house-stead, within these
bounds, viz., by the road going up from Medlar to the turf
pits on the moor, following the same northward to the
syke, along the syke to the Whinnyhowe turbary on to the
road, following the road to the land which Adam de
Bradkirk holds of the said donor, following the boundary
thereof downwards to the Carr; also the whole land and
meadow at the way going up from Medlar to the turf pits on
the moor, with the appurtenances. [S.D. 1212-1242] The
heir of Ralph de Kirkham holds the said land by
inheritance, rendering 4s. yearly and 8s. upon a decease. *Greenhalgh or Greenall was a member of the Fee of
Weeton or Withton, held by the Botelers of Ireland. Adam
de Corney was probably mesne tenant at this time
(1212-1242). He took his name from an estate, or possibly
hamlet, called Cornraw. His daughter Amabel
married Adam de Bradkirk, who was returned in the Feodary
of 1242, together with others, as holding the sixth part
of one knight’s fee in Thistleton, Prees, and Greenhalgh”
“Grant in frankalmoign from the said Adam [de
Corney to the monks of Cockersand] of five acres of
land in Greenhalgh, in the eastern part of Whitaker; two
acres between land which formerly belonged to Robert, son
of Ravenkill and land of Richard the Skinner; and twelve
perches in length and in breath on the north side of the
donor’s house, next to the syke by the said Robert’s
house; with common of pasture [S.D. 1212-1242.]” “Grant and quitclaim by Adam de Corney, with
the ascent of Christiana his wife, to God and to
St. Mary of Cockersand, of all his land within the bounds
of Greenhalgh, with the appurtenances, for the health of
his soul; and of the service of Adam de Bradkirk of twenty
pence for the lands which they held of him [S.D.
1212-1242] The said Christiana in her widowhood
quitclaimed these lands to the said monks.” “Grant in frankalmoign from the said Adam [de
Corney to the monks of Cockersand] of three seillons
of land, next to the land of Jordan the Clerk of Kirkham
on the north side. [S.D. 1212-1242]" "Grant in frankalmoign from the said Adam [de
Corney to the monks of Cockersand] of one messuage
of land in Corney, close by land which he previously gave
to them in alms, to wit, on the western side thereof; and
one headland between the highway and Adam of the Pool’s
land; the measure of the messuage being six perches in
length and five in breadth, with common rights and other
liberties belonging to his fee in the said town, for the
cattle of the monks’ tenant who might hold the land. [S.D.
1212-1242]” "Quitclaim by Warin de Corney to God [and St.
Mary of Cockersand] of all the land which he held by the
gift of the said Abbot and Convent within these bounds, to
wit, commencing on the east from the boundary of Medlar,
which crosses the Carr, and continues towards the western
side to the turf pits which they have made there, thence
following the syke to Whinneyeves turf pit, thence to the
King’s highway, following the same northwards to Adam de
Bradkirk’s land, according to the terms of the charters of
his father Adam concerning the said boundaries.
“Quitclaim by the said Warin [de Corney to the
monks of Cockersand] of all his right in the whole land of
Corney, in services, wardships, escheats and rents, and in
all other things, which might fall to him or his heirs.
“We [the monks of Cockersand] have also the charter of
grant of Matilda de Stiveton of the said town to Gilbert,
son of Roger fitz Reinfred. And the said Gilbert’s grant
of the town to Reiner de Stiveton. And also Elias de
Hutton’s grant of the service of Adam de Corney,
and of the mill of Greenhalgh, Medlar, and Thistleton to
the brethren of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem; and
his confirmation of his sister Cecily’s grant to them.
“Grant in frankalmoign from Warin de Corney [to the monks
of Cockersand] of one acre of land with the appurtenances
in Upper Rawcliffe, to wit, part of the War oxgang, half a
seillon upon the Tunstead, and another half seillon upon
the Ditchland, with appurtenances. [1220-1260]” (Remains,
Historical and Literary, Connected with the Palatine
Chartulary of Cockersand Abbey)
"The Derby rental of 1212 records the payment… of 12
d. for certain lands in Greenhalgh Field held by Rowland
Cornay." (British History Online –
“This was Middlehargh, now Medlar. About the year 1204,
Robert the Treasurer, Prior of the Hospital, gave it to
Gilbert fitz Reinfred, who gave it to Cockersand Abbey,
with the homage and service of Adam de Corney, the
tenant.” (Lancashire Inquests, Extents and Feudal Aids)
SOURCES: Lancashire Inquests, Extents and Feudal Aids;
Kirkham in Amounderness: the story of a Lancashire
Community"; British History Online -
The Tyldesley Diary: Personal Records of Thomas
Tyldesley; Remains, Historical and Literary,
Connected with the Palatine Chartulary of Cockersand