THE COSTARD FAMILY OF
PYRTON AND WATLINGTON


The Family of Elizabeth Costard

Elizabeth Costard married Richard Woodhouse in about 1644. Elizabeth was born in about 1620 of Watlington, Oxfordshire. She is named in the will of her mother, the widow Elizabeth Costarde of Watlington in 1667.

Elizabeth Costerde of Watlington, widow names these family members in her will:


Elizabeth Costerde will

Will of Elizabeth Costerde 1667


In the name of God Amen, the three and twentith day of March in the yearr of our Lord God according to the acounting of our Church of England 1667, I Elizabeth Costerde of Watlington in the County of Oxon, wid., beinge sick and weeke of body but of perfecte minde and memory thanks be given to Almighty God, doe make and ordine this my last will and testament in manner and forme following, ffirst and above all things I give and bequeath my soule unto God my Creator hopeinge thru faith believing to be saved by the merits, death and passion of my Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ my Reademer and my body to the groune from whence it was taken to be buried in the church yarde of Watlington acordinge to the discretion of my executor hereafter by me named. Imprimis, I give to Margery Moone my daughter one shilling. Item, I give to Elizabeth Woodhouse my daughter on shilling. Item, to Roger Moone my grandchilde two pewter platters. Item, I give to Robert Moone my grandchilde two pewter platters. Item, I give to Jane Moone my grandchilde two pewter platters. Item, I give to Agnes Moone my grandchild two pewter platters. Item, I give to Elizabeth Holding my grandchilde two pewter platters. Item, I give to Amy Woodhouse two pewter platters. Item, I give to Susan Woodhouse two pewter platters. Item, I give to Mary Woodhouse my grandchilde two pewter platters. Item, I give to Richard Woodhouse my grandchilde two pewter platters. Item, I give to Sary Woodhouse my grandchilde two pewter platters. Item, I give to Dorothy Woodhouse my grandchilde to pewter platters. The rest of my goods and householde stufe, my debts payde and my ffunerall discharged I give and bequeath unto Richard Woodhouse my son in lawe who I make and ordaine soale executor of this my last will and testament and doe nominate and apoynte my welbeloved cossins Alexander Nash and William Nash my overseers to see this my will faithfully and truly to be performed. In witnese wherof this is my last will and testament the above named Elizabeth Costerd have heir unto set my hand and seale the day and yeare first above written.

The mark of Elizabeth Costerde


Elizabeth Costerde marke

 
      The mark of Elizabeth Costerde on her will



Elizabeth also left an inventory:


Inventory

Imprimis, her wearringe aparrell  2  0  0

Item, pewter  2  0  0

Item, in mony  0  8  2

Sums totall 3  8  2

John Story

Simon Benson


Elyzabeth Costard died and was buried 9 September 1675 in Watlington. There are three men found in Costard records who could be her husband, as they died before her will was written in 1667. They are Francis, Edward and Richard Costard. A search of Watlington wills shows a will for Francis, naming his wife Mable, so he is not Elizabeth's husband. Edward died in 1668, and his wife Mary is found in the burial registers, being buried in 1667, so he is not Elizabeth's husband. That leaves Richard as the most likely husband for Elizabeth. Richard acted as a witness for a will in Watlington in 1640. He is listed as the father to Susan, who was buried in 1639 in Watlington. Richard died and was buried 25 August 1658 in Watlington.

Richard and Elizabeth had the following children:

1. Margery, married Roger Moone.

2. Elizabeth, born in about 1620; married Richard Woodhouse in about 1644.

3. Susan, buried 9 June 1639 in Watlington.



SOURCES: Watlington parish register; will of Elizabeth Costarde, widow of Watlington, 1667 on www.findmypast.co.uk.



The Family of Amy Costard


Richard Woodhouse's father, Marke Woodhouse, also married a Costard girl. From the Pyrton parish register:


Amy Costard marriage

Marriage record for Mark Woodhouse and Amy Costard in Pyrton:
"Mark Woodhouse and Amy Costard were maried the xxth day of Aprill in the sixt yeare of the reigne of King James"


Amy Costard must have been born in about 1580. The relationship between Amy and Elizabeth (born about 1620) is not known. Amy is mentioned in the will of her father, Cuthbert Costard in 1587:


Cuthbert Costard will

Will of Cuthbert Costard 1587


In the name of God Amen, the xviiith day of December in the yere of the Lorde one thousand ffyve hundred eighty & seven in the therten yere in the rainge of our most gracious Queen Elizabeth, I Cuthbert Costard of the paryshe of Watlington in the Countey of Oxeford, beinge sicke in body but whole in mynde & of perfect memrey, thanks be unto God, do make my last will & testament in maner & forme ffolowing, first I comitt my soule unto Almyghtey God my maker and redeemer Jesus Christ on whose death & passion I trust & believe to be saved  my body to be buried in the churchyard of Watlington. Item, I geve & bequeath to Ales my daughter a quarter of wheat & 3 quarters of barly one browne heifer & 3 sheepe. And xxs in money to be paid to hir within this next yere & also I do geve to her a ffether bedde, a coverled, a boulster, halffe a quarter of wheat, & five bushel of maste to be paid to hir at the day of hir marage. Item, I geve & bequeath to Ffrances my sonne a quarter of wheat & 3 quarters barly on heifer, 4 sheepe & xxs in money to be paid unto him within this present yere. Item, I geve & bequeath Agnes my daughter a quarter of wheat & 3 quarter of barly to be paid unto hir within the yere of the Lorde which shall be one thousand ffyve hundred fflowrscore & neein. Item, I geve & bequeath unto Amie my daughter one quarter of wheat & 3 quarters of barly one kow boulok & xxs in money to be paid unto hir within the yere of the Lord which shalbe one thousand ffyve hundredth fflowrscore & tenne. I geve & bequeath unto William my sonne one quarter of wheat & 3 quarters of barly, one kow boulok, xxs in money to be paid unto him within the yere of the Lorde which shalbe one thousand ffyve hundredth fflowrscore & aleven. Item, I geve & bequeath to Margerett my daughter one quarter of wheat & 3 quarters of barly, one kow boulok & xxs in money to be paid unto hir within the yere on the Lorde which shalbe one thousand ffyve hundredth fflowrscore & twelffe. And yf yt happen to aney of my chyldrens to dey afore they come to xxi yeres of age his legacies or hir legacies to remayne to be parted equaly between all my children that then are livinge, also my will is that yf my wyffe do marrye that she shall deliver all my chyldrens legacies unpaid unto the hands of Thomas Ovey & Thomas Crook unto the use of my children. Item, I doe make Aleis my wyffe fful & sole executor of all my goods movable & unmovable unquothed in this my will. And to paie all legacies & dettes & to recevye all dettes due unto  me & to bringe up my children in the feare of God to kepe & maintain them with meate & drink & cloths untyll they be able to gett & serve for theyr living & so always to see them placed the overseers of this my will I do make Thomas Ovey & Thomas Crook & I do geve unto every one of them iiis iiid a peece. And this to be my last will & testament, all other wills or testament to be voyed and of no effect. Wittnes: Thomas Ovey, Thomas Crook, John Bremer


Cuthbert and Aleis had the following children:

1. Ales

2. Ffrances (male), married Mabell; buried 26 May 1654 in Watlington.

3. Agnes

4. Amy, born in about 1580 of Watlington; married Marke Woodhouse 20 April 1608 in Watlington.

5. William

6. Margerett


SOURCES: Will of Cuthbert Costarde of Watlington, 1587 on www.findmypast.co.uk; Pyrton parish register.


Costards in Pyrton


No Costards are found in the Pyrton parish register in the christenings or burials from the start of the parish register up to 1700, but two are found in marriages: Amy Costard married Richard Woodhouse in 1608, and Elizabeth Costard married Richard Landridge in 1698. No Costard wills are shown from Pyrton in the Oxford Archdeaconry records.

Costards in Watlington

The Watlington parish registers start later, in 1635.

Christenings

1636 Oct 2 Coster Mary d. Edward

1638 Nov 15 Coster Rebecca d Edmund

1640 Jan 22 Coster Susan d. Edward

1653 Aug 18 Coster John s. Thomas


Marriages

1685 25 Oct Costard James married Chaine Joanne


Burials

1639 9 June Costard  Susan d Richard

1640 2 Feb Coster Rebecca w Francis

1651 29 Aug  Costerd John

1654 26 May Costard Frauncis

1658 25 Aug Costard Richard

1666 Aug 3 Costerd Mabell wid.

1667 Mar 15 Costerd Mary w. Edward

1668 Dec 2 Costerd Edward

1675 Sep 9 Costerd Elyzabeth

1686 10 Sep Costard Mary d James

1686 10 Sep Costard Joane w James

1686 22 Sep Costard Elizabeth d James

1691 1 Dec Costerd William s. William

1695 13 Oct Costard Susannah

1700 14 Aug Costard John, yeoman


Wills

In addition to the wills of Elizabeth Costarde in 1667 and Cuthbert Costard in 1587, these wills are found in the Oxford Archdeaconry:


Other Records


The name Costard is spelled Costard, Costerde, and Costar in the Watlington area. In other parts of England it may be Custard, Cestard, Castard and Custed. The name is "of medieval origin, and derives from the Middle English and Anglo-French "costard", a large apple. The ultimate origin of the word lies in the Old French "coste" (modern French "cote", rib), with the suffix "ard", indicating a person or thing characterized by a certain quality. The apple bearing the name was so called from being prominently ribbed, and the same word was later applied derisively to the head. The surname Custard was therefore originally given either as a metonymic occupational name to a grower of this popular apple variety, or as a nickname to someone who was "round-headed"." www.surnamedb.com


SOURCES: Watlington parish register; Pyrton parish register; will of Thomas Breemer, 1640 PCC; will of John Costard, 1603, will of Francis Costard, 1649, administration of John Costard, 1651; administration of Mabell Costard, 1666, on www.findmypast.co.uk; The People of Watlington, citing the Poor Rate 1667, Overseers of the Poor 1666-1706, and Overseers' Disbursements 1681.





If you have additional information about this family, please contact me at alice@boydhouse.com.


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