THE CHILDREN OF
JAMES HARRIGAN AND ANNE KENNEDY
James Harrigan of Tipperary married Anne Kennedy 16 February 1833 in Tipperary, County Tipperary, Ireland.
the daughter of James Kennedy and Judith Anne Duane, was
christened 17 October 1808 in Tipperary town.
Griffiths Valuation, Bohercrow townland, Tipperary town, 1850
James Harrigan can be found on Bohercrow Street in Bohercrow townland, Tipperary town, in 1850 in Griffith's Valuation. He had a house and yard, but no acreage, so was not a farmer. His home had less than an acre of land. He was a town dweller, and must have had an occupation, although none is known. The Kennedys who were Anne's relatives in Tipperary lived on similar sized properties, and were grocers, bakers, butter merchants, and shoemakers. James may have been of the merchant class, which explains his daughter Mary's assertion that she was of higher class than her husband, who was descended from tenant farmers and cottiers. James Harrigan's next-door neighbor was Timothy Kennedy, perhaps a brother of Anne's.
Tipperary is a
market town and a parish in the county of Tipperary. It is a
place of great antiquity, and is supposed to have derived its
name, Tipra-Rae, from the Irish for "the well of the plains". In
1831 the town had 1,042 houses. It was a market town. Michael
Hourigan, who appears as a sponsor of James' first son, is found
in Griffith's Valuation in the townland of Carrownreddy in
Tipperary town. Michael may be James' brother.
The Harrigans, often called "Hourigan" in Ireland are mainly from Shronell and Lattin in County Tipperary. The cemetery in Shronell Cross has many Hourigans buried there.
James and Anne
had the following children:
1. Patrick was christened 13 January 1834 in Tipperary parish.
One of the sponsors at his christening was Michael Harrigan,
who may be a brother of James. The sponsors were Michael
Harrigan and Catherine Heffernan.
Patrick fought in the Civil War with Confederate forces, in Company B of the Virginia Infantry, and was never heard from by the family. In a letter, his niece Anne Carey, daughter of Mary Harrigan records: "Pat fought in Civil War with the Confederate army. No word was ever received from him. Mother often thought perhaps he was the father of Dr. Harrigan who looked much, very much like the Kennedy men. (Ed and I were the redheads in our family)." Patrick enlisted in Covington, Kentucky on May 14, 1861. The muster roll for Patrick (dated Feb 28 to June 30, 1862) shows that he was "absent sick since July 1861" He returned to action, and Patrick was wounded in action, and died in Richmond, Virginia on 23 March 1862. The muster roll for Patrick (dated June 30 to December 31, 1862) states: "Wounded in action on 23 (March 1862), and left on the field." Patrick is buried in Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, Virginia. The Oakwood Restoration Committee says that "I did find a Patrick Harrigan, Company B, 1st Virginia Battalion, born 1-13-1834, died 3-16-1862, at Hollywood Cemetery in Section SS B, Lot 308. Since he was a Virginian, I was able to go to the Virginia Regimental Series for the 1st Virginia Battalion by Robert J. Driver and Kevin C. Ruffner. This is the information they show on him: "Harrigan, Patrick, Pvt, Co. B, Enlisted Covington 5/14/61. Absent sick in Richmond Hospital 7/19/61 until he died 3/62."
The 1st Virginia Battalion was known as the Irish Battalion. It was organized in May of 1861, the month that Patrick enlisted. Patrick became ill and was absent by July 19, 1861, as the battalion drove towards the First Battle of Bull Run, which took place two days later, on July 21. He must have recovered and returned to action, as a subsequent muster roll shows him being wounded in action. Patrick was wounded in action on March 23, 1862, which was the day of the First Battle of Kernstown in Virginia, under Stonewall Jackson. Jackson received incorrect intelligence that a small Union force was vulnerable, but it was in fact a full division, more than twice the size of Jackson's force. This was the only defeat of Jackson's career. In the battle, 80 soldiers were killed, and 375 were wounded on the Confederate side, including Patrick Harrigan, who was wounded in action and left on the field. The muster roll shows that he died at Richmond March 1862. He was buried in Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, and his family never knew what happened to him. In 2010, Michelle Boyd, a descendent of Mary Harrigan Carey, visited the cemetery, but the grave is unmarked.
Muster roll for Patrick Harrigan
2. John was christened
17 March 1836 in Tipperary parish. John Houregan of Bohercrow is
found in the Petty Sessions Court records, charged with two
related complaints in 1866: "Willfully trespassing in
complainant's premises and passage to his office in Nelson
Street in the town of Tipperary on the 25th" (Mr. John
Andrews, complainant, Nathaniel Andrews, witness), and "Assaulting
complainant in Nelson Street in the town of Tipperary on the
25th" (Mr. Nathaniel Andrews, complainant, Nathaniel
Andrews, witness). It seems that John and the Andrews
family had a disagreement. (Irish Petty Sessions Court
Registers on findmypast, case dated 28 June 1866 for
John Houregan of Bohercrow)
3. Johanna was
christened 25 November 1838 in Tipperary parish. The sponsors
were Edmund Kennedy and Mary Burke. Johanna, or Anne, married
William Lynch 14 August 1859 in Clinton, Iowa, and settled in
Clinton. He worked in a sawmill. They had the following
children: Francis (1861), William (1864), Annie (Anna Theresa,
born 7 December 1865, who married Michael McBride in 1889, and
lived in Terre Haute; died 10 June 1954 in Vigo, Indiana), John
(1868), Philip (July 1869), Mary (1872, called Josie, who became
Mrs. Moore, and lived in Texas), Joseph (1874), Francis (1876),
and Johanna (1879) married Edward B. Moore 5 June 1907 in Des
4. James was christened
16 May 1841 in Tipperary parish. The sponsors were Michael
Kennedy and Judith Sheehy. He married Mary Shanahan in about
1868 in Brooklyn, New York, and had the following children: Mary
Ann (1869), John (1870, who died in Chicago 23 December 1900),
Margaret (1873, Mrs. Gredin of New York City), James (1874),
Anne (1876), and Ella (1879, who married William Sanderson and
died 6 October 1946 in New York City). James worked as a
laborer, and then later in an iron foundry. James died 9 April
1897 in Kings, New York.
5. Mary was christened
25 September 1843 in Tipperary parish. The sponsors were Michael
Kennedy and Ellen Sheedy. Mary may have died young.
*6. Mary was born 28
December 1846, and christened 29 December 1846 in Tipperary
parish. She married John Joseph Carey 13 July 1866 in St. Mary's
Church in Chicago. They had fourteen children. She died 23
November 1923 in Chicago, and was buried 26 November 1923 in
7. Michael was
christened 4 April 1850 in Tipperary parish.
8. Edmund was christened
6 February 1852 in Tipperary parish.
James is still found on Bohercrow Street in the valuation of
1858-1860. The record shows James Harrigan on Lot 70, leasing a
house and yard from William King. The house was valued at twelve
Valuation List, Bohercrow, Tipperary parish, 1858-1860
In 1865, James was on the same lot, which has been renumbered
to Lot 74, and the house and yard were valued at ten shillings.
Valuation List, Bohercrow townland, Tipperary parish, 1865
In 1868-70, James was still on Lot 74, leasing a house and yard
valued at ten shillings from William King.
Valuation List, Bohercrow townland, Tipperary parish, 1868-1870
In the 1871 census of Tipperary, James Harrigan was found on Bohercrow Street in Tipperary town, and is listed between James Meara and Thomas Quinn. John Hourigan was listed on Henry Street in Tipperary town.
In September 1872 James' landlord changed from William King to Edward O'Leary.
Valuation List, Bohercrow townland, Tipperary parish, 1872
In 1885-87, the property changed from James to his wife Anne,
then to John Hayes, then John Lynch. This most likely means that
James died in about 1885, then Anne died soon after, within the
two years. In the 1890s the property was leased by John Lynch.
There is a death index record for James Hourigan, age 76 in
1882 in Tipperary. With the delay in recording the property
change, this may be our James.
Valuation List, Bohercrow townland, Tipperary parish, 1885-1887
SOURCES: Tipperary parish registers by corresp.; Griffiths Valuation; Valuation Lists, FLH #855433-4; letter from Joe Wright, Oakwood Restoration Committee; muster roll for Patrick Harrigan, Company B, 1 Battalion, Virginia Infantry.
christening records have been found for James Harrigan. There
are very few other Harrigan/Hourigans in the town of Tipperary.
One possibility is Richard Harrigan, who was found in Tipperary
in the Tithe Applotment of 1828 in Barronstown Laffan, in
Tipperary town. Michael Hourigan/Harrigan was found in the
townland of Carrownreddy in Griffith's Valuation, and is also a
sponsor of James Harrigan's oldest son, Patrick, so may be a
brother of James. He had a house and yard, and lived next
to Morgan Kennedy. Another Hourigan found in Griffith's
Valuation in Carrownreddy in Tipperary town was John Hourigan.
He had a house with no yard. He may be another brother. One
other Hourigan was found in Tipperary in Griffith's Valuation -
Honoria Hourigan on Gaol Lane in Tipperary town. She had a house
with no yard.
There are several Hourigans found in the nearby parish of Shronell. James may be the son of Richard, or he may be descended from one of the Shronell Hourigans, and have moved to town for work.
The release of the Roman Catholic parish registers on the National Library of Ireland (www.nli.ie) makes it possible to reconstruct Harrigan families in Tipperary town in the early 19th century. Access to civil records on irishgenealogy.ie adds to our knowledge of these families.
These Harrigans acted as witnesses in christenings and marriages in Tipperary parish in the early 1800s.
These Harrigan families are found in christenings and marriages in the Tipperary parish register:
John Hourigan and Judith Rawley, married in 1813, had these children:
Houragan and Mary Long had these children:
Thomas Houragan and Catherine Condon had this child:
Patrick Hourigan and Joanna Meade had this child:
Patrick Hourigan and Brigid Flynn married in 1818.
Hourigan and Honora Brien had this child:
Houragan and Brigid Farrell married in 1820.
Houragan and Mary Ryan had this child:
Daniel Horigan and Ellen Byron had this child:
Hourigan and Margaret Heffernan married in 1837, had these
Daniel Hourigan and Margaret Woods married in 1842, had these children:
*James Harrigan and Anne Kennedy, married in 1833, had
Michael Harrigan (possibly James' brother) and Ellen Corbet had this child:
John Hourigan and Margaret Sheils had these children:
Denis Harrigan and Mary Murnane married in 1841
(Witness: Michael Harrigan)
Dominick Horgan and Mary Brady had this child:
Michael Hourigan and Catherine Cleary had this child:
Michael Horrigan and Joanna Murphy had this child:
Patt Horrigan and Catherine Dwyer had this child:
William Hourigan and Bridget married in 1848.
John Hourigan and Bridget Heffernan married in 1833
(Witness: John Hourigan)
John Hourigan of Henry Street in Tipperary, publican or grocer, and Margaret Hays had these children:
Richard Hourigan of Henry Street in Tipperary, grocer or shopkeeper, and Johanna Quinn had these children:
Tithe Applotment – In the Tithe Applotment for Tipperary town, taken in 1828, only one Harrigan is listed:
Richard Harigan 2-0-0 0-4-2&half
Griffiths Valuation – In the Griffiths Valuation for Tipperary town, taken in 1851, these Harrigans are shown:
Petty Court Records
In 1852, Petty Court records show a court appearance for:
William Hourigan, labourer of Tipperary Town, for "Being found drunk within the public streets of the borough of Clonmel on 3rd March 1852".
(Irish Petty Court Registers on findmypast)
John Houregan of Henry Street in Tipperary is found in the Petty Court Records applying for "a renewal of license to sell spirits, wine and beer" on 10 August 1857. This is the John Hourigan who is listed as a publican or grocer in his children's birth records in the 1860s.
In the 1871 census of Tipperary, James Harrigan is found on Bohercrow Street in Tipperary town.
John Hourigan is listed on Henry Street in Tipperary town.
John Hourigan, Ballinglana
In the Tithe Applotment for Shronell parish (near Bohercrow), taken in 1834, the following Harrigans are shown:
In the Griffiths Valuation for Shronell parish, taken in 1851, the following Harrigans are shown:
In the Calendar of Wills and Administrations, 1858, the
estate of William Hourigan of Ballinglana is mentioned:
"20 January Letters of Administration of the personal
estate of William Hourigan late of Ballinglana in the County
of Tipperary, Farmer, deceased who died 22 May 1851 at the
same place, were granted at Waterford to James Hourigan of
Ballinglana aforesaid, the Son, one of the next of kin of said
deceased." His estate was valued at less than 200 pounds.
The following Harrigans are found in the Shronell gravestone inscriptions:
SOURCES: Griffiths Valuation; Tithe Applotment; Shronell Graveston Inscriptions; www.irelandgenweb.com; christening records on http://tipperarysouth.brsgenealogy.com; St. Michaels parish, Tipperary, parish records online at www.nli.ie; civil registration of births, marriages and deaths on www.irishgenealogy.ie.
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