THE CHILDREN OF
JAMES HARRIGAN AND ANNE KENNEDY
James Harrigan was born in about 1804 of Tipperary town, likely the son of Peter Harrigan and Mary Ryan. James Harrigan of Tipperary married Anne Kennedy 16 February 1833 in Tipperary, County Tipperary, Ireland.
Anne Kennedy, the daughter of James Kennedy and Judith Anne Duane, was christened 17 October 1808 in Tipperary town.
Griffiths Valuation, Bohercrow townland, Tipperary town, 1850
James Harrigan can be found on Bohercrow Street in Bohercrow townland, Tipperary town, in 1850 in Griffith's Valuation. He had a house and yard, but no acreage, so was not a farmer. His home had less than an acre of land. He was a town dweller, and his occupation was barber. The Kennedys who were Anne's relatives in Tipperary lived on similar sized properties, and were grocers, bakers, butter merchants, and shoemakers. James was of the merchant class, which explains his daughter Mary's assertion that she was of higher class than her husband, who was descended from tenant farmers and cottiers. James Harrigan's next-door neighbor was Timothy Kennedy, perhaps a brother of Anne's.
Bohercrow is on the west side of Tipperary town.
Tipperary is a
market town and a parish in the county of Tipperary. It is a
place of great antiquity, and is supposed to have derived its
name, Tipra-Rae, from the Irish for "the well of the plains". In
1831 the town had 1,042 houses. It was a market town. Michael
Harrigan, who appears as a sponsor of James' first son, is found
in Griffith's Valuation in the townland of Carrownreddy in
Tipperary town. Michael may be James' brother.
The Harrigans, often called "Hourigan" in Ireland are mainly from Shronell and Lattin in County Tipperary. The cemetery in Shronell Cross has many Hourigans buried there.
James and Anne had the following children:
1. Patrick was christened 13 January 1834 in Tipperary parish.
One of the sponsors at his christening was Michael Harrigan,
who may be a brother of James. The sponsors were Michael
Harrigan and Catherine Heffernan.
Patrick fought in the Civil War with Confederate forces, in Company B of the Virginia Infantry, and was never heard from by the family. In a letter, his niece Anne Carey, daughter of Mary Harrigan records: "Pat fought in Civil War with the Confederate army. No word was ever received from him. Mother often thought perhaps he was the father of Dr. Harrigan who looked much, very much like the Kennedy men. (Ed and I were the redheads in our family)." Patrick enlisted in Covington, Kentucky on May 14, 1861. The muster roll for Patrick (dated Feb 28 to June 30, 1862) shows that he was "absent sick since July 1861" He returned to action, and Patrick was wounded in action, and died in Richmond, Virginia on 23 March 1862. The muster roll for Patrick (dated June 30 to December 31, 1862) states: "Wounded in action on 23 (March 1862), and left on the field." Patrick is buried in Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, Virginia. The Oakwood Restoration Committee says that "I did find a Patrick Harrigan, Company B, 1st Virginia Battalion, born 1-13-1834, died 3-16-1862, at Hollywood Cemetery in Section SS B, Lot 308. Since he was a Virginian, I was able to go to the Virginia Regimental Series for the 1st Virginia Battalion by Robert J. Driver and Kevin C. Ruffner. This is the information they show on him: "Harrigan, Patrick, Pvt, Co. B, Enlisted Covington 5/14/61. Absent sick in Richmond Hospital 7/19/61 until he died 3/62."
The 1st Virginia Battalion was known as the Irish Battalion. It was organized in May of 1861, the month that Patrick enlisted. Patrick became ill and was absent by July 19, 1861, as the battalion drove towards the First Battle of Bull Run, which took place two days later, on July 21. He must have recovered and returned to action, as a subsequent muster roll shows him being wounded in action. Patrick was wounded in action on March 23, 1862, which was the day of the First Battle of Kernstown in Virginia, under Stonewall Jackson. Jackson received incorrect intelligence that a small Union force was vulnerable, but it was in fact a full division, more than twice the size of Jackson's force. This was the only defeat of Jackson's career. In the battle, 80 soldiers were killed, and 375 were wounded on the Confederate side, including Patrick Harrigan, who was wounded in action and left on the field. The muster roll shows that he died at Richmond March 1862. He was buried in Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, and his family never knew what happened to him. In 2010, Michelle Boyd, a descendant of Mary Harrigan Carey, visited the cemetery, but the grave is unmarked.
Muster roll for Patrick Harrigan
2. John was christened
17 March 1836 in Tipperary parish. The sponsors were James
O'Doherty and Winifred Quinn. John Houregan of Bohercrow is
found in the Petty Sessions Court records, charged with two
related complaints in 1866: "Willfully trespassing in
complainant's premises and passage to his office in Nelson
Street in the town of Tipperary on the 25th" (Mr. John
Andrews, complainant, Nathaniel Andrews, witness), and "Assaulting
complainant in Nelson Street in the town of Tipperary on the
25th" (Mr. Nathaniel Andrews, complainant, Nathaniel
Andrews, witness). It seems that John and the Andrews
family had a disagreement. (Irish Petty Sessions Court
Registers on findmypast, case dated 28 June 1866 for
John Houregan of Bohercrow)
3. Johanna was
christened 25 November 1838 in Tipperary parish. The sponsors
were Edmund Kennedy and Mary Burke. Johanna, or Anne, married
William Lynch 14 August 1859 in Clinton, Iowa, and settled in
Clinton. He worked in a sawmill. They had the following
children: Francis (1861), William (1864), Annie (Anna Theresa,
born 7 December 1865, who married Michael McBride in 1889, and
lived in Terre Haute; died 10 June 1954 in Vigo, Indiana), John
(1868), Philip (July 1869), Mary (1872, called Josie, who became
Mrs. Moore, and lived in Texas), Joseph (1874), Francis (1876),
and Johanna (1879) married Edward B. Moore 5 June 1907 in Des
4. James was christened
16 May 1841 in Tipperary parish. The sponsors were Michael
Kennedy and Judith Sheehy. He married Mary Shanahan in about
1868 in Brooklyn, New York, and had the following children: Mary
Ann (1869), John (1870, who died in Chicago 23 December 1900),
Margaret (1873, Mrs. Gredin of New York City), James (1874),
Anne (1876), and Ella (1879, who married William Sanderson and
died 6 October 1946 in New York City). James worked as a
laborer, and then later in an iron foundry. James died 9 April
1897 in Kings, New York.
5. Mary was christened
25 September 1843 in Tipperary parish. The sponsors were Michael
Kennedy and Ellen Sheedy. Mary may have died young.
*6. Mary was born 28
December 1846, and christened 29 December 1846 in Tipperary
parish. The sponsor was Joanna Gorman. She married John Joseph
Carey 13 July 1866 in St. Mary's Church in Chicago. They had
fourteen children. She died 23 November 1923 in Chicago, and was
buried 26 November 1923 in Calvary Cemetery.
7. Michael was
christened 4 April 1850 in Tipperary parish. The sponsor was
8. Edmund was christened
6 February 1852 in Tipperary parish. The sponsor was Judith
In preparation for Griffiths
Valuation, several documents were created. One was the House
Book, which shows James Harrigan in 1849 in Bohercrow townland
House Book, Bohercrow
townland, Tipperary town, County Tipperary for James Harrigan,
James rented a house and yard on Lot 86
from John O'Leary. The house was 21 feet long, 18 feet wide, and
5 1/2 feet high. The house was rated 3B, which means that it was
a medium-age thatched roof house of stone walls with mud mortar,
or mud walls of the best kind, slightly decayed, but in good
repair. It was valued at £1-16-7. The yearly rent was £1 per
year. Next door, on Lot 87, Tim Kennedy rented a house only,
which was 13.6 feet long by 13 feet wide by 6 feet tall.
A Field Book was created in 1851, which
was created to show the quality of the land. Since James and his
neighbors did not rent land, no indication is given for their
James was still found on Bohercrow Street in the valuation of
1858-1860. The record shows James Harrigan on Lot 70, leasing a
house and yard from William King. The house was valued at twelve
Valuation List, Bohercrow, Tipperary parish, 1858-1860
In 1865, James was on the same lot, which has been renumbered
to Lot 74, and the house and yard were valued at ten shillings.
Valuation List, Bohercrow townland, Tipperary parish, 1865
In 1868-70, James was still on Lot 74, leasing a house and yard
valued at ten shillings from William King.
Valuation List, Bohercrow townland, Tipperary parish, 1868-1870
In the 1871 census of Tipperary, James Harrigan was found on Bohercrow Street in Tipperary town, and is listed between James Meara and Thomas Quinn. John Hourigan was listed on Henry Street in Tipperary town.
In September 1872 James' landlord changed from William King to Edward O'Leary.
Valuation List, Bohercrow townland, Tipperary parish, 1872
In 1885-87, the property changed from James to his wife Anne,
then to John Hayes, then John Lynch. Most likely James died
before 1885, then Anne. In the 1890s the property was leased by
Valuation List, Bohercrow townland, Tipperary parish, 1885-1887
James died 11 March 1876 in Tipperary town. His place of death
was listed as Church Street, and Anne Harrigan was the
informant, and present at his death. His occupation was barber,
and he was 72 years old (making his birthdate about 1804). The
cause of death was heart failure, along with anasarea (fluid
retention, most likely due to heart failure).
Death certificate for James Harrigan in
SOURCES: Tipperary parish registers by corresp.; Griffiths
Valuation; Valuation Lists, FLH #855433-4; letter from Joe Wright, Oakwood
Restoration Committee; muster roll for Patrick Harrigan,
Company B, 1 Battalion, Virginia Infantry; death certificate
of James Harrigan; OS map for Tipperary town.
christening records have been found for James Harrigan in County
Tipperary. A search in 1986 with the Tipperary Heritage Unit,
brought this response: "Unfortunately we could not find
James. He must have been baptized in the period 1782-1804 for
which the records are missing, presumed destroyed".
Tipperary Roman Catholic parish registers of marriage are available on the National Library of Ireland website (www.nli.ie) from 1793-1794, and then with a gap until July 1807-May 1809, and then from 1810 on. Additional records are available by commissioned search from Tipperary Family History Research. A careful search of the pre-1810 registers yields these Harrigan marriages:
are very few other Harrigan/Hourigans in the town of Tipperary.
Richard Harrigan was found in Tipperary in the Tithe
Applotment of 1828 in Barronstown Laffan, about 1 1/2 miles
northwest of Bohercrow, in Tipperary town. Michael
Hourigan/Harrigan was found in the townland of
Carrownreddy in Griffith's Valuation (1850), and is also a
sponsor of James Harrigan's oldest son, Patrick, so may be a
brother of James. He had a house and yard, and lived next
to Morgan Kennedy. Another Hourigan found in Griffith's
Valuation in Carrownreddy in Tipperary town was John
Hourigan. He had a house with no yard. He may be another
brother. One other Hourigan was found in Tipperary in Griffith's
Valuation - Honoria Hourigan on Gaol Lane in Tipperary
town. She had a house with no yard.
Tipperary baptismal registers are available online from 1810, and by commissioned research from 1780 to 1809. There are many missing years, including 1804.
The families of Michael Hourigan and Mary Long, Matthew Hourigan and Catherine Hickey, John Hourigan and Judith Rawley, Joan Hourigan and John Meade (not married), and John Harrigan and Catherine Bohan (not married) all were eliminated as possible parents for James Harrigan, as they started having children too late.
Patrick Hourigan is listed as a witness at a wedding in 1810. James' firstborn son was named Patrick.
There are no Harrigan/Hourigans in Tipperary in the Religious Census of 1766. One Hourigan is listed in the 1766 Census of Tipperary, in the "United parishes of Latin, Bruis, Shronell, Corrogue, Clonpet & Cordangan in the County Tipperary & Diocese of Cashel". This is James Hoiragan, and he is listed as Catholic.
Harrigans don't appear to have deep roots in Tipperary town, but
may have come from Shronell, about three miles southwest of
Tipperary town. Parish records in Shronell don't start until
1846, but in the Shronell gravestone inscriptions we find the
family of Patrick Hourigan (born about 1771) and Eleanor
Bergin (born about 1781). They had children Patrick,
Catherine, and James. Could this be our James?
The children would have been born in the right time period,
about 1801-1810. Patrick, the son, was born in about 1806.
Patrick, the father, died at the age of 47 in Shronell on 18
February 1818. Eleanor died 1 May 1851 in Shronell at the age of
70. However, the gravestone also lists James (1836) and
Catherine Hourigan (1842) , Patrick's niece and nephew. They
aren't Patrick's children. Catherine, the sister, died in 1826
at the age of 20, so they can't be her children. So, it seems
like they must be the children of James, the only other listed
child of Patrick and Eleanor Hourigan. This would eliminate them
as our James' possible parents.
Who were James Harrigan's parents?
The release of the Roman Catholic parish registers on the National Library of Ireland (www.nli.ie) makes it possible to reconstruct Harrigan families in Tipperary town in the early 19th century. Access to civil records on irishgenealogy.ie adds to our knowledge of these families. The Tipperary Roman Catholic registers started in 1780, but only the registers from 1810 on are available online. The earlier registers are only available through commissioned search through the Tipperary Family History Research organization.
These Harrigans acted as witnesses in christenings and marriages in Tipperary parish in the early 1800s.
These Harrigan families are found in christenings and marriages in the Tipperary parish register:
Michael Hourigan and Mary Ryan had this child:
This is the only Hourigan/Harrigan couple recorded as having children in the available records from Tipperary town in the 1780s. Possibly they are Peter Harrigan's parents.
Harrigan married Mary Ryan in 1802.
Hourigan and John Meade (not married) had this child:
Matthew Hourigan married Catherine Hickey in 1808, and had this child;
Hourigan and Judith Rawley, married in 1813, had these children:
Houragan married Mary Long in 1806, and had these children:
John Harrigan and Catherine Bohan had two illegitimate children:
Houragan and Catherine Condon had this child:
Patrick Hourigan and Joanna Meade had these children:
Harrigan and Mary Crawford had this child:
Patrick Hourigan and Brigid Flynn married in 1818.
Hourigan and Honora Brien had this child:
Houragan and Brigid Farrell married in 1820.
Houragan and Mary Ryan had this child:
Daniel Horigan and Ellen Byron had this child:
Thomas Harrigan and Bridget Fineen had this child:
Daniel Hourigan and Margaret Heffernan married in 1837, had these children:
Daniel Hourigan and Margaret Woods married in 1842, had these children:
*James Harrigan and Anne Kennedy, married in 1833, had
Michael Harrigan (possibly James' brother) and Ellen Corbet had this child:
John Hourigan and Margaret Sheils had these children:
Denis Harrigan and Mary Murnane married in 1841
(Witness: Michael Harrigan)
Dominick Horgan and Mary Brady had this child:
Michael Hourigan and Catherine Cleary had this child:
Michael Horrigan and Joanna Murphy had this child:
Patt Horrigan and Catherine Dwyer had this child:
William Hourigan and Bridget married in 1848.
John Hourigan and Bridget Heffernan married in 1833
(Witness: John Hourigan)
John Hourigan of Henry Street in Tipperary, publican or grocer, and Margaret Hays had these children:
Richard Hourigan of Henry Street in Tipperary, grocer or shopkeeper, and Johanna Quinn had these children:
No Harrigans/Hourigans are listed in the 1766 Religious Census in Tipperary town.
Tithe Applotment – In the Tithe Applotment for Tipperary town, taken in 1828, only one Harrigan is listed:
Richard Harigan 2-0-0 0-4-2
Griffiths Valuation – In the Griffiths Valuation for Tipperary town, taken in 1851, these Harrigans are shown:
Petty Court Records
In 1852, Petty Court records show a court appearance for:
William Hourigan, labourer of Tipperary Town, for "Being found drunk within the public streets of the borough of Clonmel on 3rd March 1852".
(Irish Petty Court Registers on findmypast)
John Houregan of Henry Street in Tipperary is found in the Petty Court Records applying for "a renewal of license to sell spirits, wine and beer" on 10 August 1857. This is the John Hourigan who is listed as a publican or grocer in his children's birth records in the 1860s.
In the 1871 census of Tipperary, James Harrigan is found on Bohercrow Street in Tipperary town.
John Hourigan is listed on Henry Street in Tipperary town.
In the Tithe Applotment for Shronell parish (near Bohercrow), taken in 1834, the following Harrigans are shown:
In the Griffiths Valuation for Shronell parish, taken in 1851, the following Harrigans are shown:
In the Calendar of Wills and Administrations, 1858, the
estate of William Hourigan of Ballinglana is mentioned:
"20 January Letters of Administration of the personal
estate of William Hourigan late of Ballinglana in the County
of Tipperary, Farmer, deceased who died 22 May 1851 at the
same place, were granted at Waterford to James Hourigan of
Ballinglana aforesaid, the Son, one of the next of kin of said
deceased." His estate was valued at less than 200 pounds.
Hourigan of Shronell died 24 October 1882. He was a farmer,
married, and aged 76 (born about 1806). The informant for the
death entry was his son Michael Hourigan. Michael was listed as
being of Deerpark in Basset's Dirctory of Tipperary, 1889.
The following Harrigans are found in the Shronell gravestone inscriptions:
The inscriptions are:
Patrick Hourigan in
memory of his father
Patrick Hourigan of
Shronehill who depd this
life Febry 18th 1818 aged 47 yrs
also his mother Eleanor
Hourigan alias Bergin
who deprd May 1st 1851
aged 70 yrs also his sister
Catherine who died Febr
23rd 1826 aged 20 yrs
and also his nephew
James Hourigan who died
Augst 1st 1852 aged 16 yrs
also his niece Catherine
Hourigan who died May
23rd 1862 aged 19 yrs
to the memory of Edmond Hourigan
who depd this life August 7th 1859
aged 36 yrs
Erected by his beloved wife Mary
Hourigan alias Neill
Richd Hourigan of
Ballinglana in memory of
his beloved daughter
Margaret Hourigan who depd life April 5th 1834 aged 15 yrs
also the above named
Richd Hourigan who deptd life
Janry 24th 1855 aged 64 yrs
and also his wife Winfred Hourigan alias O'Brian 'who died
Feby 25th 1858 aged 60 years
May their souls rest in peace
Also in the Shronell graveyard:
Rev M. Hourigan
in loving memory of
his dearly beloved parents
and Kate Hourigan nee Ryan
who died May 1892
aged 83 and 80 years respectively
also in memory of Johanna
wife of James Hourigan died 29 March
Good Friday 1918 aged 63 years
her daughter Mary
wife of Mathew Ryan Monour
died 22 Nov 1918 aged 30 yrs
Requiescant in peace
died May 24 1907
aged 82 years
and his wife
February 21 1983
died Jan 10th 1985
Also his brother James
died Nov 24 1896
aged 54 years
and his brother William/died April 6 1901
aged 60 years
M M Coffey
died May 4 1944
died Sept 30 1961
his wife Nora
died Jan 5 1958 R.I.P.
Baptisms are found for three daughters of James Hourigan and
Catherine Ryan in the parish of Cullen and Lattin: Ellen (2 June
1849), Catherine (1 July 1851), and Mary (12 May 1854). Cullen
and Lattin are about five miles west of Tipperary town.
There are also christenings in Cullen and Lattin for two
daughters of James Hourigan and Ellen Hayes: Mary (8 July 1847)
and Ellen (7 February 1851).
In Pender's Census of 1659, the largest number of
Harrigans are found in the barony of Clanwilliam, which includes
both Shronell and Tipperary town. In the Principall Irish
Names and their Number section the name is shown as O Howrogane, O Howrigane
& O Howregane, 21.
One Hourigan is listed in the 1766 Census of Tipperary, in the "United parishes of Latin, Bruis, Shronell, Corrogue, Clonpet & Cordangan in the County Tipperary & Diocese of Cashel". This is James Hoiragan, and he is listed as Catholic.
SOURCES: Griffiths Valuation; Tithe Applotment; Shronell Graveston Inscriptions; www.irelandgenweb.com; christening records on http://tipperarysouth.brsgenealogy.com; St. Michaels parish, Tipperary, parish records online at www.nli.ie; civil registration of births, marriages and deaths on www.irishgenealogy.ie.
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