THE RYANS OF TIPPERARY TOWN


Mary Ryan was born in about 1780 of Tipperary town, County Tipperary, Ireland. Her birth predates the parish registers, so her parents names are unknown. She married Peter Harrigan 31 October 1733 in Tipperary town.
The witnesses at the marriage were Matthew Quillinan and Richard Sadlier.

Mary's son, James Harrigan, lived on Bohercrow Street in Tipperary town.

Several Ryans were listed on the Tithe Applotment of 1828. The Tithe Applotment listed the head of household for occupiers of land one acre or more. Three Ryans are listed in Bohercrow townland: James Ryan (over 23 acres), Michael Ryan (54 acres), and Thomas Ryan (over 19 acres). Possibly these were Mary's family, living in close proximity to the Harrigans. No Harrigans are listed. James was a barber, and leased only a house in later records. The same may be true for Peter Harrigan.

Richard Sadlier is also found in the townland, occupying just over seven acres. Possibly this was the same Richard Sadlier who acted as a witness at Mary's marriage. Matthew Quillinan was not listed, but the Ryan's neighbor was Charles Quillinane. Stephen Dwan is also found in Bohercrow. He is likely a relation of James' wife.



Tithe
        Applotment Bohercrow

Tithe Applotment
        Bohercrow 2

Tithe Applotment, 1828, for Bohercrow townland in Tipperary town


In the later Griffiths Valuation of 1850, 102 Ryans are listed in Tipperary town, several of them in Bohercrow.


In earlier record, these Ryans are found in the Religious Census of 1766 in Tipperary town:

Timothy Ryan
John Ryan
Patrick Ryan
William Ryan
Mary Ryan
Tim Ryan
Thomas Ryan
Timothy Ryan
Edw. Ryan
Widow Ryan
James Ryan
Patk. Ryan
Morgan Ryan
Wm. Ryan
Philip Ryan or Hogan
Philip Ryan
Daniel Ryan
Widow Ryan
Thos. Ryan
John Ryan
John Ryan
Wm. Ryan
Philip Ryan
Edm. Ryan
Mathew Ryan
Pilip Ryan
Andrew Ryan
Patk. Ryan
Roger Ryan
Edm. Ryan
Joh Ryan
Con Ryan
Philip Ryan
John Ryan
Mary Ryan
Jas. Ryan
Wm. Ryan
Wm. Ryan
John Ryan
Daniel Ryan
Tim Ryan
Dennis Ryan

All of these Ryans were listed as Catholic. One of them may be Mary's father.


In Pender's Census of 1659, 77 Ryan families are listed in the Barony of Clanwilliam, which includes Tipperary town. This is by far the largest number for any name.


Penders Census 1659


The Ryans are a prominent family in the Tipperary area: "Ryan is today one of the ten commonest surnames in Ireland. It is an anglicised form of the old Gaelic O'Maoilriaghain / O'Maoilriain, meaning 'descendant of a devotee of St Riaghan'. The first recorded spelling of the name, which was dated c14th century, is shown to be that of O'Maoilriain, in "Medieval Records of County Tipperary", during the reign of Gerald, Earl of Desmond, 1369 - 1374. The O'Maoilriain sept was very powerful in Owney (formerly called Owney O'Mulryan), which forms two modern baronies on the borders of Counties Limerick and Tipperary. Even today the surname is highly concentrated in this area. In the 1850s Griffiths Valuation, 8,871 Ryan households were recorded, nearly half of which were in Tipperary." (http://irelandroots.com/ryan.htm"The Sologhead memorial near Tipperary town. It is said that there was a large castle in this area that was a major seat of the Ryan clan. It was also the scene of an ambush during the Irish war of Independence, hence the memorial that can be seen to-day. Even if there is nothing to be seen of the Ryan castle, a visit to the area to view and absorb the landscape could give a Ryan descendant a sense of the place where their ancestors once lived." (http://ryanirishclan.com/ryan-heritage-homelands)  "The O'Maoilriains, or anglicised Mulryans, are directly descended from Fergus, ninth in descent from Cathair Mor and are said to have settled in the 13th century in the rich pasturelands of the Golden Vale bordering Tipperary and Limerick. The O'Maoilriains, who were chiefs of Owney, settled in that territory which is now known as the Baronies of Owney, County Tipperary and Owney-beg in the east of County Limerick and later moved in to the Barony of Kilnamanagh, County Tipperary, where they became very numerous and powerful. Most of the buildings constructed by the Ryans (O'Mulryans) when they arrived in the Owney territory of Munster were demolished prior to, or during the 17th century when their properties were confiscated by Cromwellian forces." (http://www.clanryanaustralia.org)






If you have additional information about this family, please contact me at alice@boydhouse.com.


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