THE CUNNINGHAMS OF TIPPERARY
Ellen Cunningham was born in about 1750 of Tipperary town, County
Tipperary, Ireland. She married William Kennedy in about 1775 in
Three Cunninghams are listed in Griffiths Valuation in Tipperary
town in 1850: John Cunningham in Bohercrow, John
Cunningham in Carrownreddy, and William Cunningham in
Only one Cunningham is listed in the Tithe Applotment of 1829 for
Tipperary town: Nicholas Cunningham in Carrownreddy. This
is the townland where several Kennedys are found in the later
Griffiths Valuation (1850).
Tithe Applotment, Carrownreddy townland, Tipperary town
The early parish registers for Tipperary town shown these Cunningham
- Michael Cunningham and Catherine Synott had a son
Martin baptized in 1810
- Dennis Cunningham and Joanna Reynolds had a daughter
Margaret baptized in 1810, a son James baptized in 1815, and a
son Thomas baptized in 1818
- John Cunningham and Bridget Clifford had a son Patrick
baptized in 1811, a daughter Judith baptized in 1814, and a son
John baptized in 1818.
- William Cunningham married Mary Crow in 1811.
- Edmund Cunningham married Elizabeth Heffernan in 1812.
- John Cunningham and Rebecca Williams had a daughter
Margaret baptized in 1810, and a son Dennis baptized in 1812.
- William Cunningham married Eleonor Madden in 1817.
- James Cunningham and Joanna Fahy had a son baptized in
In the Religious Census of 1766, only one Cunningham is listed in
the city of Tipperary - John Cunningham. He is listed as a
Catholic. John Cunningham is likely Ellen's father. John would have
been born in about 1720 of Tipperary.
The name Cunningham in Ireland may be of Irish or Scottish origin.
The Irish Cunninghams came from Connacht: "The Connacht
Cunningham families are mostly native Irish and trace their
descent from two sources - one branch from Fiachra, brother of the
famous Niall of the Nine Hostages, which was located in County
Sligo; the other a sept of the Ui Maine (often called Hy Many), a
widespread group of septs centred in counties Galway and
Roscommon." It seems more likely that the Catholic Cunninghams
of Tipperary town were of Irish descent.
The Scottish Cunninghams were part of the Plantation of Ulster: "The
name Cunningham, taken from the place of the same name near
Kilmarnock in Ayrshire, was brought to Ireland by settlers from
Scotland who arrived in Ulster during the 17th century Plantation
of Ulster. Descendants of those settlers today form the bulk of
those bearing the surname in that province, where it is most
SOURCES: Tipperary RC parish register in www.nli.ie; Tithe
Applotment, Tipperary; Griffiths Valuation, Tipperary; Religious
Census of Tipperary, 1766; www.irishroots.com/cunningham.
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