Ellen Cunningham was born in about 1750 of Tipperary town, County Tipperary, Ireland. She married William Kennedy in about 1775 in Tipperary.

Three Cunninghams are listed in Griffiths Valuation in Tipperary town in 1850: John Cunningham in Bohercrow, John Cunningham in Carrownreddy, and William Cunningham in Spital Land.

Only one Cunningham is listed in the Tithe Applotment of 1829 for Tipperary town: Nicholas Cunningham in Carrownreddy. This is the townland where several Kennedys are found in the later Griffiths Valuation (1850).

        Applotment Cunningham

Tithe Applotment, Carrownreddy townland, Tipperary town

The early parish registers for Tipperary town shown these Cunningham families:

In the Religious Census of 1766, only one Cunningham is listed in the city of Tipperary - John Cunningham. He is listed as a Catholic. John Cunningham is likely Ellen's father. John would have been born in about 1720 of Tipperary.

The name Cunningham in Ireland may be of Irish or Scottish origin.

The Irish Cunninghams came from Connacht: "The Connacht Cunningham families are mostly native Irish and trace their descent from two sources - one branch from Fiachra, brother of the famous Niall of the Nine Hostages, which was located in County Sligo; the other a sept of the Ui Maine (often called Hy Many), a widespread group of septs centred in counties Galway and Roscommon." It seems more likely that the Catholic Cunninghams of Tipperary town were of Irish descent.

The Scottish Cunninghams were part of the Plantation of Ulster: "The name Cunningham, taken from the place of the same name near Kilmarnock in Ayrshire, was brought to Ireland by settlers from Scotland who arrived in Ulster during the 17th century Plantation of Ulster. Descendants of those settlers today form the bulk of those bearing the surname in that province, where it is most numerous."

SOURCES: Tipperary RC parish register in; Tithe Applotment, Tipperary; Griffiths Valuation, Tipperary; Religious Census of Tipperary, 1766;

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