Adam Russell and Janet Horsburgh were never married. They had a child, Beatrix Russell, christened 23 October 1667 in Peebles. Adam had married 1) Elspeth Purdie in about 1659. Adam was a deacon of the church in 1662.
Adam was mentioned in a court case
over the sale of tar in 1665 in Peebles:
"27 February, 1665.
Selling tar to William Wilsone and William Young, merchants in Pebles, led witnesses unfreemen. For proveing whether or not Alexander Horsbruik, deane of gild, sold tarr himself, or gave libertie to other merchants in toun to sell tarr to unfriemen in the country; sworne. William Wilsone depones that Adam Russell, in Stobo, came doune to the deane of gild and desyred libertie of him to buy tarr and topp the same againe, who ansuered he wald give him libertie provyding the said Adam wald buy tarr from none elsquhair but from the merchants in Peebles, and for that effect to come befor the gildrie court and make faith thairupon, and the said Wiliam Wilsone was called for that effect ; William Young, also sworne, depones that upon Adam Russelles requyreing libertie from the deane of gild to buy and sell tarr the dean of gild gave him libertie to sell and topp thes tua barrelles of tarr bocht from him and William Wilsone, provyding he stand cawtioun to sell no more, who stand William Wilsone cawtioun. Adam Russell, in Peebles, also sworne ; nihil novit nisi ex auditu (knows nothing but what comes by hearing)." (Extracts from the Records of the Burgh of Peebles)
Adam and Elspeth had the following children:
1. Patrick, christened 2 December 1660 in Peebles.
2, Johne, christened 24 June 1663 in Peebles.
3. Adam, christened 7 February 1666 in Peebles.
Elspeth died and was buried 9 December 1666.
The next year, Adam and Janet
Horsburgh had a daughter Beatrix
shown as "Beatrix
Russall, natural daughter to Adam Russall and Janet Horsburgh"
christened 23 October 1667 in Peebles.
Adam then married 2) Margaret Smith
16 January 1668 in Peebles. Adam and Margaret had the following
1. Thomas, christened 13 August 1668 in Peebles.
2. William, christened 13 August 1668 in Peebles.
3. Margirat, christened 25 August 1670 in Peebles.
4. Adam, christened 10 January 1672 in Peebles; buried 1 April 1679 in Newlands.
5. James, christened 5 February 1674 in Peebles.
6. Margaret, buried 1 August 1684 in Peebles.
Adam is found in
the burgh records after the birth of his twin sons: "1668,
March 11 - Mr John Hay asks advice of the Presbytery anent the
case of twin children born to Adam Russel's wife in the
seventh month of their marriage. The midwife and other honest
women stated in the process before the kirk-session of Peebles
that the children were not come to perfection, having neither
hair nor nails. Therefore the Presbytery judges the scandal to
be removed, and advised the minister and kirk-session to
desist from further process." The Book of the
Cross Kirk, A.D. 1560-1690
Adam is found as a dean of the guild in Peebles in Extracts from the Records of the Burgh of Peebles, 1652-1714:
27 March, 1671.
Nominattes and appoyntes the persones following, upon the tounes expenssis, to ryde to Selkirk upon the elleventh of Apryle nixt, for giveing up dittayes of criminall persounes to the justice-clerk, viz. : — James Horsbruik and James Williamsone, baillies, Adam Russell, deane of gild, Duncane, James Haldine, elder, Gawin Thomsone, thesaurer, John Hoipe, messour, and John Fisher, kirk-offtciar.
Another entry may indicate an occupation as a silversmith for Adam:
The silver Adam Russell, as cawtiouner for James Lyntoun, servitour to Robert Dalyell of Glenna, haveing reproduced the silver arrow, which wants the ridge or fether and ane hanging pendicle, ordeanes him ather to repaire the said arrow, or elles to pay to the toun thesaurer thrie pundes Scottes for the los thairof.
Other entries records disagreements with other town members:
14 August, 1671.
Ordeanes Adame Caitcheon, flesheour, burges of Peebles, for [injurious] A slanderer and slanderous wordes uttered be him against Adam Russell, deane of gild, in calling him ane cheiter, ane knave, and that he maid shipwreck of faith and a good conscience, being confest pairtlie and pairtlie provine, to pay to toun thesaurer ten merkes Scottes, and to be imprisoned tuentie foure houres, and ay and whill he pay the said fyne.
19 November, 1677.
Fynes Adam Russell, for blod and ryot on John Lowes, in eight merks. Fynes John Lowes for calling Adam Russell a impertinent knave, and strugling with him, fourty shilling.
3 Nov 1372, King Robert II granted license to Sir James
Douglas of Dalkeith to found a chaplainry in Dalkeith and
endow it to the sum of £6 13s 4d annually from the Horsburgh
estate. The Douglases continued to enjoy these dues from the
Horsburgh lands until the 17th century. On 5 May 1359 William
Horsburgh (de Horsbrok) was one of the bailies of Peebles
rendering accounts for the burgh to the royal exchequer and
Thomas Horsburgh (de Horsbruke) was also bailie of Peebles 13
The Horsburghs 'of that ilk' (meaning 'of the same named estate') appear to have been the first to have assumed the name from the lands they owned and were certainly recognised as the heads of the surname by the 15th century. Their shield of arms, unsurprisingly, depicts a white horse head on a blue background (blue perhaps signifies the brook), either a pun on the estate name, or a clue - perhaps - to their origins as sometime keepers of the royal stable, hinted at in local legend.
John Horsbruik of that ilk; 1529-1555 had the two tower houses of Nether and Over Horsburgh re-built during the period 1529-1550. A tower house was also constructed at Hucheonfield, probably during this same period.
During the next few hundred years, the Horsburghs became a disreputable family. Three or more generations became almost constantly engaged in feuds, legal actions and duals. A tit for tat power battle was played out between the Douglas, the Hays of Smithfield and the Horsburghs. The family steadily slipped down the social scale, joining the ranks of solicitors, army officers, sheriff officers, hat-maker, belt-maker." http://www.castlescotland.net/the-castles/h/horsburgh.html.
SOURCES: Peebles parish register on ScotlandsPeople; Extracts from the Records of the Burgh of Peebles, 1652-1714.
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